Management entrance exams test a student's aptitude and proficiency in the test areas like Verbal Ability, Quantitative Aptitude, Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation, Data Sufficiency, Reasoning, General Awareness etc. However, the number of questions, sections, the duration of the exam, the number of questions from each area and the level of toughness of the paper varies from exam to exam. The questions given in management entrance tests are all objective type multiple choice questions.
VERBAL ABILITY (VA)
Verbal Ability is an area that is present in almost all the management tests. Questions in this area cover Vocabulary (Synonyms, Antonyms, etc), Grammar (Sentence Correction), Language Usage (Fill in the Blanks), Verbal Reasoning (Analogies, etc.). In some tests, there is a separate section for Verbal Ability whereas in some other tests, there is one section which includes both Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension.
READING COMPREHENSION (RC)
In Reading Comprehension, students have to read passage(s) and answer questions that follow the passages. This area tests the ability of the student to quickly grasp what is being said in the passage before answering the questions. The length of each passage and the number of questions that follow a passage vary from exam to exam. In some tests, Reading Comprehension appears as a separate section whereas in some other exams, there could be one section which includes Reading Comprehension and Verbal Ability.
QUANTITATIVE ABILITY (QA)
While the term Quantitative Ability is a very broad one covering any question that deals with figures and numbers, in the context of management entrance exams, most people use the terms Quantitative Ability or Quantitative Aptitude to refer to questions in Mathematics. This is an area that is present in almost every management entrance test. Students are tested on questions that are mostly of X Standard level - mainly in the areas of Arithmetic, Plane Geometry, Mensuration and Algebra. Sometimes, questions are also asked from Trigonometry, Co-ordinate Geometry, Permutation & Combination, and Probability.
DATA INTERPRETATION (DI)
Data Interpretation is an area where students are presented with data in the form of tables, pie charts, bar graphs, Venn diagrams, geometrical diagrams, etc. Questions are given based on the data. Students are required to study the data presented and answer the questions based on the data. Data Interpretation is a "quantitative" area.
In most exams, there may not be a separate section for Data Interpretation but it is given as a part of another section - normally along with questions on Mathematics.
DATA SUFFICIENCY (DS)
Data Sufficiency is another "quantitative" area that appears in some management entrance exams. Data Sufficiency is not a separate section in most exams but only a part of another section (along with Quant/DI generally). As the name indicates, the questions in Data Sufficiency give some data following a question and the student is expected to comment on the sufficiency of the data to answer the question.LOGICAL REASONING (LR)
A variety of names like Analytical Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, Logical Ability, Reasoning, Mental Ability are used to refer to questions based on reasoning. The questions on Logic in entrance exams normally do not require a formal exposure to Logic. These are based on day-to-day, commonsense reasoning.
GENERAL AWARENESS (GA)
Some management entrance exams like IIFT, SNAP, etc have General Awareness as a part of the paper. In this area, questions are asked on current issues, past issues, economic, and business related issues. Some exams have questions related to specific fields like foreign trade related questions in IIFT. It is to be noted that CAT has not been giving any questions in this area.