MBBS COURSE IN INDIA
The Medical Council of India (MCI) controls and monitors medical Education in
India. New Colleges or Universities can grant MBBS, MS, MD or any Graduate or
PG degree or diploma only if those colleges are strictly adhering to the
standards set by the Medical Council of India.
The MBBS course is of four and a half year's (54months) duration and is
followed by one year of Compulsory Rotating Residential Internship.
Admission to the Medical Course
Eligibility Criteria fixed by MCI* (Open Category):
The candidate shall complete the age of 17 years on or before 31st December, of
the year of admission to the MBBS course.
*For specific eligibility criteria refer to the website/brochure of the
The higher secondary examination or the Indian School Certificate Examination
which is equivalent to 10+2 Higher Secondary Examination a with subjects
physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics or any other elective subjects with
English at a level not less than core course or
The pre-professional/pre-medical examination with Physics, Chemistry and
Biology, after passing either the higher secondary school examination, or the
pre-university or an equivalent Examination or
The intermediate examination in science of an Indian University/Board or other
recognized examining body with Physics, Chemistry and Biology which shall
include a practical test in these subjects and also English as a compulsory
The first year of the three years degree course of a recognized university,
with Physics, chemistry and Biology including a practical test in these
B.Sc. examination of an Indian University, provided that he/she has passed the
B.Sc. examination with not less than two of the following subjects Physics,
Chemistry, Biology (Botany, Zoology) and further that he/she has passed the
earlier qualifying examination with the following subjects – Physics,
Chemistry, Biology and English or
Any other examination which, in scope and standard is found to be equivalent to
the intermediate science examination of an Indian University/Board, taking
Physics, Chemistry and Biology including practical test in each of these
subjects and English.
Procedure for selection to MBBS course:-
Admission only on merit basis of qualifying examination: - candidate for
admission to MBBS course must have passed in the subjects of Physics,
Chemistry, Biology & English individually and must have obtained a minimum
of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology at the qualifying
Admission on basis of Competitive entrance examination,:- a candidate must have
passed in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English individually
and must have obtained a minimum of 50% of marks taken together in Physics
Chemistry and Biology at the qualifying examination and in addition must have
come in the merit list prepared as a result of such competitive entrance
examination by securing not less then 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and
Biology competitive examination.
Major competitive examinations
To obtain medical seat in a reputed institution candidates should appear for
various entrance tests in All India level/State level. Some of important All
India Entrance Tests are
AIPMT/PD conducted by CBSE, AIIMS,Institute of
Medical Sciences BHU, AFMC, CMC Vellore, CMC Ludhiana, JIPMER etc. In
the state level, a student has to get through Common Entrance test of concerned
states such as Kerala KEAM entrance examination, Karnataka Common
Entrance Test etc, The deemed Universities conduct their own entrance
Exams for Medical admissions. A student can also pursue MBBS education outside
India but one has to ascertain whether the degree offered by the
institute/University is valid or not. Most of the Government Medical Colleges
offer admissions only to Indian students on the basis of their performance in a
competitive entrance test. Private colleges offer seats on Management/NRI quota
Admissions to postgraduate courses (MD/MS/MDS) are also based on entrance tests
conducted by the colleges and medical universities.
Course, Duration and Subjects
Every student shall undergo a period of certified study extending over 4 ˝
academic years divided into 9 semesters, followed by one year compulsory
The period of 4 1/2 years is divided into three phases as follows:-
Higher study options
(12 months/2 semesters) Pre-clinical subjects such as Human Anatomy, Physiology
including Bio-Physics, Biochemistry and introduction to Community Medicine
including Humanities are taught.
(18 months/3 semesters) During this phase Para-clinical and clinical subjects
namely Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine including
Toxicology and part of Community Medicine are taught.
Phase-III (24 months/4 semesters),Medicine and its allied specialties,
Surgery and its allied specialties, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Community
medicine is taught.
In India Medical education is offered at four levels: (i) first degree-Bachelor
of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) (ii) postgraduate diplomas in
specific areas such as Child Health (DCH), Laryngology and Otology (DLO),
Diploma in Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGO) and postgraduate degree in broad
specialities – Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), (iii)
Postgraduate degree (super specialities)-Doctor of Medicine (DM), and Master of
Chirurgiae (MCh) also known as post-doctoral degrees, and (iv) research degree
M.Phil and PhD.
Duration of P.G Courses
The PG Diploma courses are of two years duration. The duration of MD, MS, MDS,
DM and MCh courses is three years.