Medical Laboratory Technology is a health profession which involves the diagnosis of diseases through the use of clinical laboratory tests. With accurate results doctors can detect, diagnose and treat diseases.
In a medical laboratory there are both Technicians and Technologists.

Medical technologists have more training and job responsibilities. They are often responsible for the accuracy of the tests conducted. They also conduct research work under the guidance of medical researchers.

Medical technicians work under Technologists or supervisors .They usually do routine laboratory testing manually according to instructions. Technicians set up, clean, and maintain laboratory equipment, basic preparations for use in the lab etc.

The courses offered in Lab Technology

1. Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT)
2. Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT)
3. M.Sc in Medical Laboratory Technology

During BMLT course for Medical Lab Technologists the students are trained for clinical Laboratory analysis of blood, urine, feces, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, ascetic fluid etc There are also Diploma / Certificate courses for lab technicians / assistants in general and in different specialties such as Diplomas in EEG Lab Technician, Histopathology Lab Technician etc. The Medical lab technology in India is regulated by the All India Institute of Medial Technologists and All India Medical laboratory Technologists Association.

Eligibility for admission

The basic eligibility criteria for Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is 10+2 or equivalent with Physics ,Chemistry & Biology Or Pre- University Vocational course from a recognized Board with laboratory Technology as Vocational subject.

Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT) -Eligibility is 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized University or Board. . There are also other certificate courses in lab technicians which needs 10+2 as the eligibility. Courses are offered by colleges, universities as well as hospitals. The hospitals are usually affiliated with a college or university.

Duration of Courses

BMLT is a 3 year programme and DMLT course is of 2 years


  • All India Institute of Medical Science Diploma College
  • Christian Medical College Diploma College
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College Diploma College Belgum, Karnataka
  • Jawaharlal Institute Postgraduate Medical Education Research Diploma College
  • Kasturba Medical College Diploma College
  • Ki dwai Memorial Institute Onology Diploma College Hosur Road, Bangalore
  • Mahatma Gandhi University Diploma College Kottayam,Kerala
  • Medical Diploma College University of Kerala,Thiruvananthapuram,Kerala
  • Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education Research Diploma College Chandigarh, Punjab

Major Colleges in Southern Region

  • JIPMER, Dhanvantri, Nagar Pondicherry
  • Pant institute of Technology, 19 Bazar Laurent St. Pondicherry
  • Andhra Medical college Vishakhapatnam, Andhra pradesh
  • Christian Medical Thorapudi, Vellore
  • Medical college,Trivandrum,Kerala
  • Mahatma Gandhi University Medical college, Kottayam
  • Kasturba Medical college, Manipal &Mangalore
  • Medical college, Fort, Bangalore
  • Fr. Muller Institute of Medical Edu. Kankanady Mangalore
  • MR Medical College, Gulbarga
  • Institute of Health Sciences, Vidyanagar, Mangalore
  • Kidwai memorial Institute Of Oncology, Hosur Road, Bangalore

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