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## CIVIL SERVICES (PRELIMS) 2015 -PAPER II Analysis

CIVIL SERVICES (PRELIMS) 2015 -PAPER II

Civil Services (Prelims) 2015 - Paper II had 80 questions. Each of the 80 questions carried equal marks of 2.5. For each of the questions, 0.833 marks was deducted for any wrong answer marked. Out of a total of these 80 questions, there were 30 English questions (from 23 passages), 25 Reasoning and 25 Maths questions. These questions, however, were placed in a random order. In English part, all the questions were pertaining to the passages. In the earlier years, it has been seen that the number of comprehension passages used to be in the range of 10-12 but for this year 2015, the number of passages has been more than doubled. Also, the nature of the questions was such that the answer cannot be obtained by simply scanning through the passage. The nature of the questions were such that in order to attempt them, a diverse application of skills was required -speed reading skills, accurate comprehension, ability to draw inferences, understand the inherent assumptions, decode the tone of the author, understand the writing style etc. In general these questions were VERY DIFFICULT. So, for all those candidates who had not done basic practice would have found this area a real tough one to crack. However in the test area of "Maths" and "Reasoning", some of the questions were doable. Still, there were some qs from Maths & Reasoning which were more time consuming. Again, students, who had not done enough practice would have faced enormous difficulty there. While the overall difficulty of the paper has been on the higher side, one can still identify about 40 qs (out of a total of 80 qs) which are doable in nature. Even if one concentrates on these questions and attempt them, once can cross the cut-off marks of 33%.

The questions can be classified area-wise. The table below gives the broad overview of the questions which were there related to each of the test areas.

 TEST AREA NUMBER OF QUESTIONS MAXIMUM POSSIBLE MARKS DIFFICULTY LEVEL Comprehension 30 75 DIFFICULT Basic Numeracy 25 62.5 MODERATE -DIFFICULT Analytical Ability & Logical Reasoning 25 62.5 MODERATE -DIFFICULT General Mental Ability TOTAL 80 200 DIFFICULT

The table below gives the number of questions (difficulty level wise) with respect to each test area.

 Test Area Number of Questions (Level of Difficulty wise) Easy Medium Difficult Total Comprehension 0 7 23 30 Basic Numeracy 10 3 12 25 Analytical Ability & Logical Reasoning 15 3 7 25 General Mental Ability Total 25 13 42 80

Let us analyze the different types of questions from each of the test area, number of doable questions in each of the test area.

COMPREHENSION

No. of Questions: 30

The paper had 30 questions from a total of twenty three passages. The passages were drawn majorly from subject areas like Social, Economics, Environment, Polity. The questions demanded deeper understanding of the concept, extending beyond the passage. None of the questions could be answered without a thorough reading of the passages. Overall, the Comprehension passages were extremely difficult. The length of the passages (44 words per passage to 262 words per passage) were more or less on the similar lines as the previous year. In most of the questions, you have to identify the correct/incorrect statement(s)/assumption(s)/inference(s). A good score in this test area, alone, will be 27+ marks.

 S No Starting words of the Passage Approx number of words in passage Number of Qs Level of difficulty 1 Climate Change is already making many people hungry...... 86 1 Difficult 2 The Global Financial Stability Report finds that the share of portfolio... 94 1 Difficult 3 Open defecation is disastrous when practised in very densely... 119 1 Difficult 4 We generally talk about democracy but when it comes to any particular... 98 1 Moderate 5 The existence/establishment of formal financial institutions that offer... 93 2 Moderate -Difficult 6 Governments may have to take steps which would otherwise be an infringement on the Fundamental Rights of individual.... 139 1 Difficult 7 India has suffered from persistent high inflation. Increase in administered prices... 82 1 Difficult 8 No Right is absolute, exclusive or inviolable.... 45 1 Moderate 9 The conflict between man and state... 84 1 Moderate 10 Climate change is a complex policy issue with major implications in terms of finance.. 170 4 Moderate -Difficult 11 The richer States have a responsibility to cut down carbon emissions... 102 1 Difficult 12 Set against a rural backdrop.... 112 1 Difficult 13 The ultimate aim of the government is not to control... 82 1 Difficult 14 Our municipal corporations are understaffed... 102 1 Moderate 15 Flamingos in large flocks in the wild are social.... 44 1 Difficult 16 Vast numbers of Indian citizens without bank accounts.... 109 1 Difficult 17 Individuals, groups and leaders who promote human development.... 134 2 Moderate -Difficult 18 Human history abounds in claims.... 38 1 Difficult 19 By 2050, the Earth's Population... 94 1 Moderate 20 Many people in India feel.... 50 1 Difficult 21 India accounts for nearly a fifth of the ... 105 1 Difficult 22 Foods travel more than the people who eat them... 76 1 Difficult 23 I must say that, beyond occasionally exposing me to laughter, my constitutional... 262 3 Moderate -Difficult TOTAL (23 Passages) 30 DIFFICULT

BASIC NUMERACY

No. of Questions:25

The number of questions pertaining to Basic Numeracy was 25. The questions were from different topics (Numbers, Equations, Ratio, Time & Work, Time & Distance, Data Interpretation). A candidate, well prepared, can answer at least 12 questions, with at least 80% accuracy about 30 minutes.

 S No Topic/Area Number of Qs Nature of Qs Number of doable Qs 1 Numbers 3 MODERATE -DIFFICULT 1 2 Equations, Ratio 8 4 3 Percentages, Profit, Loss 2 1 4 Averages, Mixtures, Alligations 1 1 5 Time & Work 1 1 6 Time & Distance 2 1 7 Data Interpretation 3 1 8 Geometry & Mensuration 1 1 9 Permutations & Combinations 4 1 Total 25 Moderate -Difficult 12

ANALYTICAL ABILITY & LOGICAL REASONING, GENERAL MENTAL ABILITY

No. of Questions:30

This test area comprises questions from topics like Number Series, Sequencing, Arrangement, Comparison, Non-Verbal Reasoning,Distribution, Venn diagrams, Clocks, etc There were at least 14 doable questions (out of 30). A good time allocation strategy will be 35 minutes for these questions.

 S No Topic/Area Number of Qs Nature of Qs Number of doable Qs 1 Missing Number in the series (Figure based) 3 MODERATE 2 2 Directions 1 1 3 Distribution (Puzzles) 2 1 4 Venn diagrams 2 1 5 Comparison 5 3 6 Non Verbal Reasoning 1 1 7 Critical Reasoning (Inferences, Conclusions, Assumptions) 5 1 8 Clocks 1 1 9 Cubes 1 1 10 Deductions 2 1 11 Miscellaneous 2 1 Total 25 Moderate 14

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