Daily Current Affairs - 10th Jul 2017

Curcumin nanoparticles found to shorten TB treatment time

  • Curcumin, the basic ingredient of turmeric, when administered in a nanoparticle formulation has several favourable properties in the treatment of tuberculosis in mice, researchers have found.
  • Researchers found nanoparticle curcumin to be five times more bioavailable (which is the proportion of drug that enters circulation after introduction into the body) in mice, than regular curcumin, and was able to drastically reduce liver toxicity induced by TB drug isoniazid.
  • Treatment of TB with isoniazid along with 200 nanometre curcumin nanoparticles led to dramatically reduced risk of disease reactivation and reinfection.

Dr. Spencer Johnson, author of self-help bestseller, dies

  • Dr. Spencer Johnson, whose book Who Moved My Cheese? sold 25 million copies and became a business and self-help phenomenon, has died. He was 78.
  • Who Moved My Cheese? was a slim, 94-page fable on the need to embrace change that was derived from a story Johnson had told at parties and used in speeches. The book became a cultural constant in the late 1990s. It appeared in the front windows of airport bookstores, was quoted in graduation addresses and motivational seminars.

EPFO adds one crore members since Jan. 1

  • More than one crore workers have come under the fold of the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) in its first ever enrolment campaign rolled out on January 1. The EPFO enrolled 1.01 crore workers through its Employees’ Enrolment Campaign which ended on June 30.
  • It provided an opportunity to all employers to voluntarily declare details of all such employees who were entitled to PF membership between April 2009 and December 2016 but could not be enrolled for any reason.

G20 leaders pledge to eliminate all terror safe havens

  • The leaders of the G20 countries has agreed for taking concrete steps to stop funding of the terror activities. The leaders have also pledged for a joint crackdown on the global scourge of terrorism and check its funding sources.
  • The G20 leaders have also called upon the private sector including the communication firms to curb the misuse of the internet for terror propaganda.
  • It also reiterated their resolve to make the international financial system entirely hostile to terrorist financing.
  • Earlier Prime Minister Modi in the G20 Summit had called for a concerted global crackdown against countries that support terrorism for their own political goals.Germany hosted the 12th G20 Summit held in Hamburg city.
  • The Group of Twenty (G20) is the premier forum for international economic cooperation and decision-making. It is a forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies on economic issues and other important development challenges.

Gonorrhoea gets difficult to treat

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) has said antibiotic resistance is making gonorrhoea, a sexually-transmitted disease, much harder and sometimes impossible to treat, citing data from 77 countries, including India.
  • The bacteria that cause gonorrhoea are particularly smart. Every time researchers use a new class of antibiotics to treat the infection, the bacteria evolve to resist them.
  • An estimated 35.2 million people were infected by the disease in the WHO’s Western Pacific Region and 11.4 million in the southeast Asian Region, which includes India.
  • India is part of the 77 countries and has been coordinating with the Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) in gonorrhoea in South East Asia Region

Harinder Pal Sandhu defeats Rhys Dowling to win South Australian Open Squash Title

  • India’s Harinder Pal Sandhu has defeated Rhys Dowling of Australia 11-8 12-10 11-4 to lift South Australian Open squash title. This will be his first PSA tournament victory in Australia. Overall, this will be Sandhu’s eight title win at the PSA level.
  • South Australian Open squash title is on the Professional Squash Association (PSA) international circuit.

India and Bangladesh decided to construct bridge along Mizoram Border

  • India and Bangladesh have decided to construct a bridge over Mizoram's Khawthlangtuipui river to facilitate trade and improve communication between the two neighbours. Officals from both sides have discussed to speed up the works for the proposed bridge between the two countries across Khawthlangtuipui river (also known as Karnaphuli river).
  • Mizoram shares a 318 km unfenced border with Bangladesh.

Mother Teresa’s blue-bordered sari is Intellectual Property

  • The famous blue-bordered sari of Mother Teresa, as been recognised as an Intellectual Property of the Missionaries of Charity. The Trade Marks Registry, Government of India, has granted the registration of the trademark for that pattern of blue border of sari. It is the first time ever that a uniform has been protected under the Intellectual Property rights.
  • The blue-border pattern is a symbolic identity of the Missionaries of Charity under the concept of colour trade mark protection.
  • She has been canonised as Saint Teresa of Calcutta by the Vatican.

Note-ban no ground for banking ombudsman to handle complaints

  • The Reserve Bank of India has said that customers' complaints about problems like cash withdrawal and exchange of old notes faced post demonetization cannot be entertained under the Banking Ombudsman (BO) scheme.
  • It said that demonetisation is not one of the 27 grounds under which a customer can lodge a complaint with the Banking Ombudsman.
  • Banking ombudsman scheme covers complaints related to deficiency in banking including Internet banking, ATM/debit cards, etc.

Paytm Mall to hire 2,000 people this year

  • Online marketplace Paytm Mall plans to hire about 2,000 people this year as it looks to scale-up operations to tap into the rapidly expanding market for e-commerce in the country. Adding the 2,000 new people will be across various business and technology roles to effectively scale-up operations.
  • It will add about 3,000 agents to expand its footprint in smaller cities.

Qatar to seek damages for blockade

  • Qatar’s government said it is forming a committee to pursue compensation for damages stemming from its isolation by four Arab countries. The committee will handle claims made by private companies, public institutions and individuals.
  • Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain cut diplomatic ties and severed air, land and sea links with natural gas-rich Qatar last month, accusing it of a list of grievances including supporting extremism.

South Sudan marks grim 6th independence day

  • The world’s youngest nation South Sudan will not have any official celebrations to mark the anniversary of its birth because of the widespread suffering caused by its ongoing civil war. Six years after South Sudan gained independence, the country is ravaged by fighting, severe hunger, mass displacement and accusations of war crimes by government and opposition forces.
  • President: Salva Kirr
  • Capital: Juba
  • Currency: South Sudanese pound

Trump says time to move forward with Russia

  • U.S. President Donald Trump said it was time to work constructively with Russia but ruled out easing sanctions while the countries remained at odds over the conflicts in Syria and Ukraine.
  • Mr. Trump and Mr. Putin talked about the idea of setting up what he called an impenetrable cyber security unit to prevent hacking in future elections.
  • He also said the two had discussed the implementation of a ceasefire in Syria saying it will save lives.

Twenty-five giant radio galaxies found

  • A team of six scientists of Indian origin have discovered the presence of a large number of what are known as giant radio galaxies (GRGs) across the universe. The galaxies have a supermassive black hole, which could be even billions of times as massive as the Sun, at their centre. Jets of charged particles are ejected from this black hole at very high speeds, close to that of light. Nearly 200 new GRG candidates spread across the sky were found by the six researchers.

West Indies beat India by 9 wickets in T20

  • West Indies beat India by nine wickets in the one-off T20 International played at Kingston in Jamaica. Set to score 191 runs for a win, the hosts reached the target in 18.3 overs, by making 194 for one. Evin Lewis was the top scorer with an unbeaten 125. Marlon Samuels was not out on 36.
  • Earlier, put in to bat, India made 190 for 6 in Twenty overs. Dinesh Karthik was the top scorer with 48, while skipper Virat Kohli made 39.