Daily Current Affairs - 04th Oct 2017

2017 Nobel Prize in physics.

  • The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has selected three American scientists Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne for the 2017 Nobel Prize in physics.
  • They were selected for their decisive contributions to the LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory) detector and the observation of gravitational waves.
  • Dr. Weiss born in Berlin and now a US citizen received half the prize. The remaining half was shared equally by two Caltech scientists Dr. Barish, Professor of Physics and Dr. Thorne, Professor of Theoretical Physics.

Admiral Sunil Lanba visits Vietnam

  • Admiral Sunil Lanba, Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee and Chief of the Naval Staff is visiting Vietnam on a bilateral visit from 04 to 07 October 2017.
  • The visit aims to consolidate cooperation between the Armed Forces of India and Vietnam and also to explore new avenues of defence cooperation
  • India has historical linkages with Vietnam that dates back many centuries, though the countries established formal diplomatic relations in 1972. Defence cooperation between India and Vietnam has been robust with the primary focus being Maritime Cooperation. India signed a Protocol on Defence Cooperation Agreement in 1994.

Chittani Ramachandra Hegde, renowned Yakshagana artist passes away

  • Doyen of Yakshagana Chittani Ramachandra Hegde, who is the first performer to receive Padma Shri for Yakshagana passed away.
  • He was an exquisite Yakshagana performer for over seven decades.

Core sector growth climbs to five-month high at 4.9% in Aug.

  • Core sector registered a year-on-year growth of 4.9% in August – the highest since the 5.2% reading in March 2017.
  • The data was released by the commerce and industry ministry.
  • The eight core industries which comprise 40.27 % of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP).
  • Coal production recorded 15.3% growth
  • Electricity output grew by 10.3%
  • Steel production registered a 3% growth
  • Cement sector growth fell to (-)1.3%
  • Fertilizer output also contracted by (-) 0.7%
  • Natural gas registered a 4.2% growth
  • refinery products registered 2.4% growth
  • Crude oil production shrunk by (-)1.6%

CWC sign MoU with IIT Roorkee and MNNIT Allahabad

  • Central Water Commission (CWC) has signed MoUs with IIT Roorkee and MNNIT Allahabad to support dam rehabilitation efforts of various implementing agencies and CWC.
  • CWC has already signed MoUs with IIT Madras, IISc Bangaluru, NIT Calicut and NIT Rourkela for supporting these institutes for the procurement of specified equipment and software for enhancing their testing and modeling capabilities.
  • Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation has taken on board selected premier academic and research institutes, for capacity building in the areas of dam safety through World Bank assisted Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP).

Foundation stone for national waterway on Krishna River laid.

  • Vice President M.Venkaiah Naidu laid the foundation stone for development of the Mukhtyala-to-Vijaywada stretch of Krishna River, which is part of National Waterway-4.
  • The 82-km inland waterway stretch is Phase-1 of National Waterway-4 developed under Sagar Mala project. It will be used mainly for transportation of cement and construction material for new capital city Amaravati.

Government launches six-year secure Himalaya project

  • The Centre launched a six-year project to ensure conservation of locally and globally significant biodiversity, land and forest resources in the high Himalayan ecosystem spread over four states viz. Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Sikkim in India.
  • Protection of snow leopard and other endangered species and their habitats is one of the key components of the project which will also focus on securing livelihoods of the people in the region and enhancing enforcement to reduce wildlife crime.

High-level committee to probe Yavatmal deaths

  • A high-level committee was formed by the Maharashtra government to probe the death of 18 farmers in Yavatmal district.
  • The farmers lost their lives due to improper spraying of ‘Profex Super’ insecticide on cotton plantations.
  • With over 40 lakh hectares under cotton cultivation, Maharashtra has the largest area of the crop in the country. The killer pesticide, Profex Super, is a combination of Profenofos and Cypermethrin.

India and Bangladesh to sign third line of credit agreement

  • India and Bangladesh will signed the third line of credit agreement involving 4.5 billion dollar to be spent for its infrastructure and social sector development. The line of credit agreement was announced during Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's recent New Delhi visit.
  • Bangladesh would have to purchase 65 to 75 per cent of the services, goods or works from the Indian market with the money to be provided under the third line of credit following the precedence of the previous two nearly identical agreements.
  • New Delhi and Dhaka have been extremely focused on internal progress, and both governments have been closely interacting to realize the potential of a rich economic relationship.

Karnataka Government launches Mathru Poorna scheme.

  • The State government launched Mathru Poorna, a scheme meant to meet the nutritional needs of pregnant and lactating women in rural areas.
  • Under the programme, pregnant and lactating poor women in rural areas will get one nutritious meal daily for 25 days in a month
  • Along with the meal, Iron Folic Acid (IFA) tablets will be administered and gestational weight monitoring will be ensured for pregnant women.
  • The scheme will be implemented through anganwadis in the State. Each meal is estimated to cost around Rs.20. The food will be provided for 15 months, from the start of pregnancy up to six months after delivery.

NHAI launches new website and PMIS Mobile App

  • The Chairman of National Highways Authority of India Shri Deepak Kumar launched a world class, new multilingual website of the organization.
  • Within two months it will be possible for the general public to rate National Highways through this website.
  • He also launched a Project Monitoring Information System (PMIS) Moblie App that will facilitate close, in-house monitoring of NHAI projects on a mobile phone.
  • To ensure timely delivery of its projects, the NHAI is now digitally monitoring them through a state-of-the-art Project Monitoring Information System (PMIS)

Russia launches ‘world’s biggest and most powerful’ nuclear icebreaker ship

  • Russia has floated out the world’s largest nuclear-powered icebreaker ship sibir as the country moves to reinforce its leadership in the Arctic.
  • Sibir is second of three icebreakers of new class of biggest nuclear powered icebreakers ever constructed under Project 22220.The first one was Arktika (Arctic) was put in service in June 2016. Third icebreaker Ural is set to be completed in 2019.
  • Sibir is powered by two nuclear reactors and will be able to break ice fields up to three metres thick, clearing the path for Russian ships delivering gas to Asia

Sania & Bopanna advance

  • Sania Mirza and Rohan Bopanna progressed to the doubles quarterfinals of the China Open in the women’s and men’s Tour events in Beijing.
  • While Sania, along with Peng Shuai of China, got past Elise Mertens of Belgium and Demi Schuups of the Netherlands, Bopanna and Pablo Cuevas of Uruguay sailed past the Chinese duo of Mao-Xin Gong and Ze Zhang

Soumya Swaminathan has been appointed WHO Deputy DG

  • Dr Soumya Swaminathan, director general of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), has been appointed the deputy director general for programmes (DDP) of World Health Organisation (WHO).
  • She also holds a key position as secretary in the department of health research, ministry of health and family welfare.
  • Dr Swaminathan’s father M.S. Swaminathan is considered the pioneer of Green Revolution in India and mother Mina Swaminathan is a known educationalist.

WEF’s India summit starts

  • World Economic Forum’s 33rd India Economic Summit will start from 3rd October, in partnership with industry body CII.
  • The theme of the conference, is ‘Creating Indian Narratives on Global Challenges’.
  • More than 650 leaders from 35 countries are taking part, allowing Indian business, society and government leaders to interact and collaborate with peers from across the globe
  • The summit would discuss issues such as climate change, infrastructure and gender parity, besides demonetisation and the GST.