Daily Current Affairs - 28th Oct 2017

27 October :World Day for Audiovisual Heritage

  • The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage takes place every year on27 October.
  • This commemorative day was chosen by UNESCO (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) in 2005 to raise of awareness of the significance of and preservation risks recorded sound and audiovisual documents
  • The 2017 theme of the day selected by UNESCO is “Discover, remember and share”.

71ST Infantry Day Celebrations

  • 71st'Infantry Day' was celebrated on 27 October 2017.
  • Infantry celebrates 27 October each year as the Infantry Day to commemorate the first Infantry action post independence. In response to the threat posed to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of our Nation, on this day in 1947 the leading elements of the Indian army from 1st Battalion of the SIKH regiment, air landed at Srinagar.

ADB sign $65.5 Million Loan to support Coastal Protection in Karnataka

  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of India signed a $65.5 million loan agreement to continue interventions to check coastal erosion on the Western Coast in Karnataka.
  • The loan is the Second Tranche of a $250 million financing facility under the Sustainable Coastal Protection and Management Investment Program. The financing will be used to address the immediate coastal protection needs and for strengthening institutional capacity of Karnataka’s Public Works, Ports and Inland Water Transport Department.

Hyderabad to house TS’ first human milk bank

  • Telanganas first human milk bank in the public sector was inaugurated at the state-run Niloufer Hospital , Hyderabad.
  • The human milk bank, which is part of the Mothers Absolute Affection initiative of National Health Mission (NHM) could store 12 litres of milk at a given point.
  • The milk bank, set up by Dhaatri, a city-based non-profit organisation will help provide pasteurized human breast milk to premature neo-natal babies with the best possible nutrition for the survival and healthy development of the babies.
  • There are only 15 milk banks in the country. Mothers of pre-term babies struggle to lactate, which forces parents and hospitals to use substitutes such as powdered formula milk.

India and France to Strengthen Bilateral Defence Cooperation

  • India and France to Strengthen Bilateral Defence Cooperation as a Key Pillar of Their Strategic Partnership
  • Defence Minister Smt Nirmala Sitharaman received the French Minister for the Armed Forces, Ms Florence Parly.
  • The Ministers reviewed ongoing initiatives to further strengthen bilateral defence cooperation as a key pillar of the strategic partnership between India and France.
  • A range of measures to expand military to military ties, including enhancing the scope of their joint exercises, in particular the VARUNA naval exercise scheduled in early 2018, were agreed.

International Conference on Consumer Protection

  • The First International Consumer Protection Conference on “Empowering consumers in new markets” for the South, South East and East Asian Countries was held on 26 to 27 October 2017 in New Delhi.
  • The comprehensive implementation of the United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection is a priority for Governments and stakeholders in ensuring more effective and better-coordinated protection efforts in all countries and across all areas of commerce.

International Conference on Green Initiatives & Railway Electrification

  • Minister of Railways & Coal Shri Piyush Goyal inaugurated International Conference on Green Initiatives & Railway Electrification in new delhi .
  • It is organised by Ministry of Railways through Institution of Railways Electrical Engineer (IREE) India .
  • In this conference Piyush Goyal launched the railways' first set of solar plants with a total capacity of 5 megawatt peak (Mwp).
  • The project is part of the government's National Solar Mission in which Indian Railways plans to commission 1,000 MWp solar plants across its network.

Karnataka approves policy to safeguard rights of transgenders

  • The Karnataka cabinet cleared the State Policy for Transgenders, 2017, aimed at bringing the community into the mainstream of the society and providing its members with a secured life.
  • The term third gender will be used in all documents and communications. The Department of Women and Child Development will act as a nodal department for implementing the policy aimed at protecting the transgender from insults, social discrimination and abuse.
  • The different categories of transgenders mentioned in the policy include "jogappa, jijra, female to male, male to female, inter-sex, kothis, jogtas, shivashakti and aravanis".

Ken Juster's nomination as US envoy to India confirmed

  • A crucial Senate Committee today confirmed the nomination of Ken Juster as the next American envoy to India, paving the way for a full Senate confirmation of the old India hand, who played a key role in the landmark Indo-US civil nuclear deal.
  • He would replace Richard Verma as the top American diplomat to India, The position has been lying vacant since January 20 after Verma resigned from the post with the swearing in of Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States.

Kidambi Srikanth, HS Prannoy and PV Sindhu have entered semi-final

  • Indian shuttlers, Kidambi Srikanth, HS Prannoy and PV Sindhu have entered semi-final of the French Open Super-series Badminton tournament in Paris.
  • In women's singles, Olympic silver medallist PV Sindhu defeated World No. 10 Chinese Chen Yufei
  • In men's singles, HS Prannoy beat Jeon Korean Hyeok-jin while Kidambi Srikanth defeated fourth seeded Chinese Shi Yuqi

Mandatory use of Public Finance Management System (PFMS)

  • The Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley launched the mandatory use of Public Finance Management System (PFMS) for all the Central Sector Schemes of the Government of India would help in tracking and monitoring the flow of funds to the implementing agencies.
  • Due to the monitoring of funds through PFMS, one can know the actual status of utilization of funds by the multiple implementing agencies of the Central and the State Governments.
  • PFMS would not only help in complete tracking of funds but would also ensure just in time transfer of funds.
  • Presently 13 Central Sector Schemes are under PFMS.

REPAIR: Scientists develop RNA editing tool to combat genetic disease.

  • Scientists from The Broad Institute and Massachusetts Institute of Technology in US have developed RNA Editing for Programmable A to I Replacement (REPAIR), a new gene editing tool therapies that can reverse disease-causing mutations in humans.
  • REPAIR gene editing tool can tweak an individual RNA ‘letters’ in human cells without making changes to entire genome and can have profound potential as a tool for both research and disease treatment..

Sourav Kothari reached the finals of the LiteTask World Billiards Championship

  • India's Sourav Kothari reached the finals of the LiteTask World Billiards Championship at the Northern Snooker Center in Leeds, United Kingdom.
  • He wrapped up four games on the trot with complete command to defeat his fellow countryman Siddharth Parikh.
  • Sourav Kothari will take on David Causier in the final.

Supreme Court on Blue Whale challenge game

  • The Supreme Court has said that the Blue Whale challenge game is a national problem and it must be contained.
  • It asked public broadcaster Doordarshan to produce a 10-minute educational show on the perils of virtual dare games like Blue Whale Challenge within a week and directed the Centre to ensure that children do not fall prey to such dangerous activities online.

Vrindavan, Barsana declared pilgrim spots

  • Uttar Pradesh government has notified Vrindavan and Barsana in Mathura district as pilgrim spots, where sale of eggs, non-vegetarian food and liquor will now be banned.
  • While Vrindavan is known for Lord Krishna, Barsana is the birth place of Radha. Millions of faithful turn up every year to these places to pay obeisance to them.
  • There are more than 5,000 big and small temples in Vrindavan.