Daily Current Affairs - 29th Jul 2018

Assam to implement PRANAM Scheme

  • The Assam Government will implement the Assam Employees Parental Responsibility Norms for Accountability Monitoring Act,2017 or PRANAM Act in short from October 2.
  • According to the Act, completely dependent parents can demand 10 per cent of their child’s salary, if the he or she is a Government employee. The 10 per cent of the salary of the person, deducted for the dependent parents, would be transferred to his/her parent’s bank account directly.
  • The Assam Legislative Assembly passed the PRANAM Act on September 15, 2017.

Assamese film wins 3 top awards at US fest

  • Assamese film "Xhoihobote Dhemalite" ("Rainbow Fields") bagged three top awards at the 3rd Love International Film Festival including best movie.
  • Besides the best film, it also won the awards for best actress (Dipannita Sharma) and best music (Anurag Saikia) at the festival.
  • The film, directed by Bidyut Kotoky, deals with the sensitive issue of children of Assam growing up in violent times and witnessing brutality around them.

Blood Moon 2018: Century’s longest lunar eclipse of 1 hour 43 minutes seen

  • Blood Moon 2018 or century’s (2001 AD to 2100 AD) longest total lunar eclipse of 1 hour 43 minutes occurred on July 27-28, 2018. The partial eclipse of Moon began on July 27, 2018. Moon was gradually covered by Earth’s shadow and totality phase was seen on July 28 and total eclipse lasted up to 2h 43m. The Moon came out of Earth’s shadow and partial eclipse ended on July 28, 2018.
  • In this particular eclipse, Moon passed through central part of Earth’s umbral shadow. During this time, Moon was located at apogee (i.e. at farthest from Earth) in its orbit and moved at slower speed in its orbit.
  • It is longest duration of total eclipse of this century. Such long duration of total lunar eclipses earlier had occurred on July 16, 2000 for totality duration of 1 hour 46 minutes and on June 15, 2011 for totality duration of 1 hour 40 minutes.

Dharmendra Pradhan lays foundation stone of skill training centre for women

  • The Union Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas and Skill Development &Entrepreneurship Shri Dharmendra Pradhan laid the foundation stone for permanent campus of National Skill Training Institute (NSTI) for Women at Mohali, Punjab.
  • This is the first NSTI Institute for Punjab and only one of its kind in India which is exclusively for women. The Minister also launched a unique Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) which would admit differently abled persons as well, also a first of its kind in India at Mohali. The Institute is presently operating out of temporary campus at Rajpura.
  • NSTI scheme was planned in 2015 and was being implemented in almost all parts of the country.

First non-Muslim wins national assembly seat in Pakistan

  • Mahesh Kumar Malani of the Pakistan Peoples Party's (PPP) has become the first Hindu candidate to win a National Assembly seat, 16 years after non-Muslims got the right to vote and contest on general seats in the country.
  • Mahesh Kumar Malani contested and won the National Assembly (NA-222) Tharparkar-II seat in southern Sindh province, after defeating 14 candidates.
  • Mr Malani, a Pakistani Hindu Rajasthani Pushkarna Brahamin politician, was a member of parliament from 2003-08 on a reserved seat, nominated by the PPP. In 2013, Mr Malani became the first non-Muslim Member of the Provincial Assembly after winning the Tharparkar-III general seat of the Sindh Assembly.

Government launches National Viral Hepatitis Control Programme

  • Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched National Viral Hepatitis Control Programme to control viral hepatitis C on the occasion of World Hepatitis Day (July 28). The programme aims to combat viral hepatitis and reduce mortality and morbidity associated with it.
  • The programme aims at both prevention and treatment of hepatitis which is among leading causes of liver cancer, cirrhosis of liver and acute liver failure. It aims to treat minimum of 3 lakh hepatitis C cases over a period of three years for eliminating deadly condition by 2030.
  • The programme is part of National Health Mission. Under it, expensive antiviral for hepatitis B and C infections will be made available free of cost at all government hospitals.

Government notifies ethanol-making directly from sugarcane juice, B-molasses

  • Union Food Ministry has notified decision to allow sugar mills to manufacture ethanol directly from sugarcane juice or an intermediate product called B-molasses. In this regard, Sugarcane Control Order, 1966 has been amended. The move would help mills divert cane juice for ethanol manufacturing during surplus years.
  • Earlier, sugar mills were allowed to manufacture ethanol from by-product called C-molasses, after sugar was taken out while processing raw sugarcane juice. Molasses is also used for manufacturing spirit and alcohol among other products.
  • Oil marketing companies (OMCs) procure ethanol from sugar mills for blending with petrol. It has mandated blending of up to 10% ethanol in petrol, but inadequate availability has restricted this to under 4%.

Haryana teen Shivangi Pathak scales Mount Kilimanjaro

  • Shivangi Pathak, who became the youngest Indian woman to reach the peak of Mount Everest, has added another feather to her cap by scaling Africa's highest peak, Mount Kilimanjaro.
  • The Haryana teen, who acknowledged the endless support of her parents and family in her journey, aims to be an inspiration to girls all over India to relentlessly pursue their passion.
  • Tanzania's Mount Kilimanjaro measures 5,895 meters in height.

Hyderabad to Host India’s First-Ever International Blockchain Congress

  • Nucleus Vision, in collaboration with the government of Telangana, is launching the first edition of the International Blockchain Congress, which will be the world’s largest industry-government Blockchain conference attended by hundreds of government officials, global Blockchain leaders, enterprises, and technologists.
  • This first edition of the International Blockchain Congress will host over 2500 participants on a two-day conference.

India to develop model to give flash floods warning to Asian nations: WMO

  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has designated India as nodal centre for developing customized model to issue advance warning of floods to Asian countries, including Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand. The model will be called as Flash Flood Guidance System. Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) under Ministry of Earth Sciences will work to customize this weather model.
  • The model will provide forecasts by computing likelihood of rainfall and soil moisture levels to warn of possible floods. It will carry out forecasts by using combination of satellite mapping and ground-based observation.
  • WMO is an intergovernmental organization whose mandate covers weather, climate and water resources. It has 191 Member States and Territories. It originated from International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873. It has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

ITC becomes India’s 4th most valued firm in m-cap

  • ITC went past Hindustan Unilever to become the country's fourth most valued firm in terms of market valuation helped by a smart surge in its share price.
  • Led by the sharp rally in the stock, the company's market valuation rose to Rs 3.69 trillion, which was Rs 104.60 billion more than that of HUL's Rs 3.58 trillion m-cap on BSE.
  • With this, ITC also became the most valued FMCG company.
  • TCS is the country's most valued firm with a market cap of Rs 7.43 trillion followed by RIL (Rs 7.15 trillion), HDFC Bank (Rs 5.82 trillion), ITC and HUL in the top five order on BSE.

Jehan Daruvala claims pole to flag win in Formula 3

  • India's Jehan Daruvala took his maiden victory in the 2018 FIA Formula 3 European Championship at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps in Belgium.
  • Jehan was fifth on the timesheets after his first lap and improved to provisional second on the next lap. On his third and last effort, Jehan gave it everything for a brilliant lap to bag pole position by 0.10 seconds ahead of the then championship leader Marcus Armstrong of New Zealand.

July 28: World Hepatitis Day

  • The World Hepatitis Day is being observed every year on July 28 around the globe to spread awareness about viral hepatitis. Observance of the day seeks to encourage diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Hepatitis. The theme for World Hepatitis Day 2018 is “Test. Treat. Hepatitis”.
  • The World Hepatitis Day is being observed since 2010. It is one of the 8 official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO). The date 28 July was chosen to mark the birth anniversary of Professor Baruch Blumberg who had discovered hepatitis B virus. He was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1976) for this discovery.

Kathleen Baker breaks 100m backstroke world record

  • Kathleen Baker set a world record of 58.00sec to win the 100m backstroke at the US swimming championships.
  • Baker, silver medalist in the event at the 2016 Rio Olympics, improved on the world record of 58.10 set by Canadian Kylie Masse at the World Championships in Budapest on July 25 of last year.
  • The top three finishers all broke 59 seconds, with Olivia Smoliga second in 58.75 and Smith third in 58.83.

OYO inks pact with SBI, Bank of Baroda

  • OYO South Asia’s largest hotel chain inked an MoU with two banking majors State Bank of India and Bank of Baroda for extending support to budget hotels and create jobs across levels.
  • Signed under the aegis of Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, the MoU will enable financial support for OYO’s existing and potential hotel partners for fueling transformation and standardization at their properties.
  • The opportunity will also allow OYO to spearhead the creation of thousands of jobs in Tier-II and Tier-III cities by nurturing micro-entrepreneurs in the hospitality sector.

Pradip Chowdhury to receive Mohun Bagan Ratna

  • Mohun Bagan 'Ratna', the highest honor of the century-old club will be conferred on former India international Pradip Chowdhury.
  • A former Mohun Bagan captain, Chowdhury was also the India team manager. Chowdhury will be the 18th recipient of the award first given to Sailen Manna in 2001. Former India defender Subrata Bhattacharya won the prize last year.
  • The awardees also include Sudip Chatterjee (Best Cricketer), Sourav Das (Best Youth Footballer Player) and a special award to Rahim Ali for his performance in the U-17 World Cup