Daily Current Affairs - 22nd Nov 2018

'Stranger Things' star Millie Bobby Brown named UNICEF's youngest-ever goodwill ambassador

  • Millie Bobby Brown, the 14-year old British actress best known for her role in "Stranger Things," has been named UNICEF's newest Goodwill Ambassador. She will be the youngest person to ever hold that title.
  • As ambassador, she will be tasked with raising awareness around children's rights and issues such as violence, poverty, bullying and the lack of education in many areas.
  • UNICEF has been fighting to raise awareness of areas where children are suffering, such as Syria, Yemen and Nigeria.
  • The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is a United Nations (UN) program that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group.
  • Executive Director of UNICEF: Henrietta Holsman Fore
  • Headquarters: New York, USA

50% ATMs will be shut by 2019: industry body

  • The Confederation of ATM Industry (CATMi), the apex body of the domestic ATM industry has stated that about 1.13 lakh of the 2.38 lakh automated teller machines (ATMs) in the country will have to shut down by 2019 as operations will not remain viable.
  • The figure includes about one lakh off-site ATMs and a little over 15,000 white label ATMs, while a large number of ATMs in non-urban locations may be shut down due to unviability of operations.
  • The forced closure of ATMS was on account of unviability of operations brought about by recent regulatory guidelines for ATMs hardware and software upgrades, recent mandates on cash management standards, and the ‘Cassette Swap’ method of loading cash

Australia beat India by 4 runs in 1st T-20

  • India lost to Australia by 4 runs, in the first Twenty-20 International of the three-match series at Brisbane.
  • India scored 169 for 7 in the 17 overs against the target of 174 runs under Duck worth Lewis Method as match got delayed due to rain.
  • Earlier Australia scored 158 for 4 in 17 overs as India won the toss and elected to bowl.

Bangladesh Krida Shiksha Prothistan wins 59th edition of Subroto Cup football tournament

  • Bangladesh Krida Shiksha Prothishtan held their nerves in a tense final and overcame Amini School, Afghanistan, 1-0 to clinch the 59th edition of the Subroto Cup International Football Tournament (Junior Boys category).
  • A total of 95 teams participated in the tournament, including eight teams from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.

Binani turns UltraTech subsidiary

  • The board of UltraTech Cement, at its meeting has approved UltraTech’s proposal to convert Binani Cement Limited (BCL) into a wholly-owned subsidiary of UltraTech. This further consolidates UltraTech’s position as the third-largest cement player globally (barring China), even as the company continues to be the biggest in India.
  • A resolution plan for Binani Cement submitted by UltraTech was approved earlier by the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal and the decision was upheld by the Supreme Court.

British PM says rejecting her deal could mean no Brexit

  • British Prime Minister Theresa May has told lawmakers that rejecting her Brexit deal with the European Union would mean uncertainty and division. The UK and the European Union agreed last week on a 585-page document sealing the terms of Britain's departure. EU leaders are scheduled to meet in Brussels on Sunday to rubber-stamp the package.
  • Pro-Brexit and pro-EU British lawmakers on both sides of the debate are opposing the deal. Brexiteers are of the opinion that the Brexit will leave the UK tied too closely to EU rules, while pro-Europeans say it will erect new barriers between Britain and the EU, its neighbour and biggest trading partner.

Centre for Science and Environment wins Indira Gandhi peace prize

  • Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has won this year's Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development, an award conferred by Indira Gandhi Trust each year on the late Prime Minister's birth anniversary. The international jury for the awards was headed by former President Pranab Mukerjee.
  • CSE has over the years worked on various burning issues from air and water pollution, food safety, waste water management, climate change and so on.
  • The CSE was established in 1980 under leadership of the late Anil Agarwal and is presently headed by Sunita Narain.

e-registration must for jobs in 18 countries

  • Passport holders with “non-Emigration Check Required (non-ECR)” status will soon have to get themselves registered with the Ministry of External Affairs before taking up jobs abroad. The rule, which takes effect on January 1, is said to be aimed at the welfare of Indians going abroad.
  • It applies to jobs in 18 countries, including the six Gulf Cooperation Council nations, which have the largest number of expats.
  • The objective of the directive is to protect workers with higher educational qualification from not getting into blue collar jobs.
  • The non-ECR category of passengers include Indians paying income tax and those with educational qualification above matriculation.
  • As of now only ECR category passport holders were required to get emigration clearance from the office of the Protector of Emigrants to seek employment abroad.

FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup: Germany beat US 4-0

  • Germany beat the US 4-0 to top Group-C at the FIFA Under-17 Women's World Cup at Uruguay.
  • Germany has now progressed to a second consecutive quarterfinal and will play Group-D runners-up Canada in Montevideo for a spot in the semifinals.

Fiji leader sworn in for 4 more years after winning election

  • Fiji’s leader Voreqe Bainimarama has been sworn in for four more years after winning an election with a reduced majority. His FijiFirst Party won just over half the votes giving them 27 seats in Fiji’s 51-seat parliament.
  • Bainimarama first seized power in a military coup in 2006 and refashioned himself as a legitimate leader after winning an election in 2014.
  • FIJI
  • Prime Minister: Voreqe Bainimarama
  • Capital: Suva
  • Currency: Fijian dollar

Four new horned frogs discovered by Delhi University team

  • A team of researchers from Delhi University, University College Dublin (Ireland) and the National Museum (UK) have discovered four new species of horned frogs from the Himalayan regions of Northeast India.
  • The scientists named the four new Indian species as Himalayan horned frog (Megophrys himalayana); the Garo white-lipped horned frog (Megophrys oreocrypta); the Yellow spotted white-lipped horned frog (Megophrys flavipunctata); and the Giant Himalayan horned frog (Megophrys periosa).
  • Horned frogs which gets their name from the “fleshy horn-like projection on the upper eyelids of some species” were discovered in the forests of Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh.

HRD Minister Javadekar launches Institution's Innovation Council

  • Union HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar has launched the Institution’s Innovation Council through video conferencing in New Delhi. The purpose of formation of network of Institution’s Innovation Councils, IICs is to encourage, inspire and nurture young students by exposing them to new ideas.
  • Mr Javadekar said, more than one thousand Higher Education Institutions have already formed IICs in their campuses to promote innovation.

Human images from world's first total-body scanner unveiled

  • EXPLORER, the world's first medical imaging scanner that can capture a 3D picture of the entire human body at once in as little as 20-30 seconds has produced its first scans. EXPLORER is a combined positron emission tomography (PET) and X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanner that can image the entire body at the same time.
  • This machine captures radiation far more efficiently than other scanners, as it can produce an image in as little as one second and, over time, produce movies that can track specially tagged drugs as they move around the entire body.
  • This scanner will have countless applications, from improving diagnostics to tracking disease progression to researching new drug therapies.

IKEA cuts 7,500 jobs globally; India spared

  • Ingka Group (Ingka Holding B.V and its controlled entities), which owns and operates IKEA stores and fulfilment centres, has announced plans to cut 7,500 jobs globally out of its total workforce of 160,000 in 30 markets. However, India, which is a new market, will not be impacted by this move.
  • It stated that many jobs will become redundant because the company is developing city centre formats and focusing on its e-commerce platform, to better meet the needs of its customers and be more convenient and affordable to many more people.
  • CEO, Ingka Group: Jesper Brodin

Indian embassy in Nepal and CII to organise exhibition ConMac 2018 in Nepal

  • The Embassy of India in Nepal and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) are organizing an exhibition of construction equipment and technology-ConMac 2018 in Bhaktapur near Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • More than 150 business exhibitors and companies from India including will showcase their products and services during the 3 day exhibition.
  • A gathering of Indian and Nepali construction business leaders, business federations and Nepali Government officials would also attend the event.

J&K Governor dissolves Assembly

  • Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satya Pal Malik dissolved the state assembly after rival alliances staked claim to form the government in the state, which has been under Governor’s rule since the BJP-PDP alliance came unstuck.
  • The Governor’s communique came shortly after both PDP chief Mehbooba Mufti and People’s Conference leader Sajad Lone staked claim to form the government in the state. The six-month tenure of the governor’s rule ends on December 18 which will be followed by President’s rule

Lodha Group chief tops Hurun rich list

  • Mangal Prabhat Lodha, who heads real estate company Lodha Group, has topped the Grohe Hurun India Real Estate Rich list 2018 with a total wealth of Rs. 27,150 crore. Thirty-five real estate czars from Mumbai are among the top 100 in the list.
  • Jitendra Virwani (52) of Embassy from Bengaluru has secured the number two slot with a total wealth of Rs. 23,160 crore, followed by Rajiv Singh (59) of DLF with a total wealth of Rs. 17,690 crore.
  • Renuka Talwar of DLF is featured as the richest among eight more women in this list.
  • As per the list, 78% of the top-100 rich real estate magnates are from Mumbai, New Delhi and Bengaluru. 59% of the names featured on the list are first-generation entrepreneurs.
  • The total wealth of top 100 Indians in the real estate sector stood at Rs. 2,36,610 crore ($32.7 billion), an increase of 27% from 2017. The top 100 have a total debt of Rs. 1.25 lakh crore.

MC Mary Kom and Lovlina Borgohain to play their semi-final bouts of WWC

  • MC Mary Kom and Lovlina Borgohain will play their semi-final bouts of the Women's World Championships in New Delhi. In the 48 kilogram category, Mary Kom will take on Kim Hyang Mi of North Korea.
  • In the 69 kilogram category, Lovlina will meet Chen Nien-chin of Chinese Taipei. Lovlina is among the three Indian boxers who have assured their maiden World Championships medals. The other two - Sonia Chahal and Simranjit Kaur - will play their last-4 bouts tomorrow.

NASA Selects Martian Lake-Delta System For Landing Of Mars 2020 Rover

  • The US space agency NASA has chosen Jezero Crater delta, where the sediments contain clays and carbonates, as the landing site for its upcoming Mars 2020 Rover mission. Jezero Crater, 45 kilometres in size, is located on the western edge of Isidis Planitia -- a giant impact basin just north of the Martian equator.
  • Its ancient lake-delta system offers many promising sampling targets of at least five different kinds of rock, including clays and carbonates that have high potential to preserve signatures of past life.

Navy makes formal request for multi-role U.S. copters

  • India made a formal request to the U.S. for the purchase of 24 MH-60R Multi-Role Helicopters (MRH) for the Navy in a deal estimated at $2bn. This is among a series of defence procurements and inductions from the U.S. and Russia in the last two months.
  • These helicopters are being procured as replacement for 15 Sea King ASW helicopters de-inducted from service in 1991 and one Sea King 42B MRH lost in accident.
  • The Indian Navy is presently facing a critical shortage of helicopters and several frontline warships are plying with empty helicopter decks.

ONGC gas production at all-time high of 70 mmscmd

  • Government-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp.’s (ONGC) natural gas production has hit an all-time high of about 70 million standard cubic meters per day (mmscmd) as it doubles up efforts to raise domestic output to curb imports.
  • ONGC produced about 64 mmscmd of gas in November last year and this year the output is close to touching 70 mmscmd.
  • Chairmen of ONGC: Shashi Shanker

President invites Indian diaspora in Australia to be part of India's transformational journey

  • While addressing the Indian Diaspora in Sydney, on the first day of his four-day visit to Australia President Ram Nath Kovind has invited the Indian diaspora to invest in the country and be a part of its transformational journey. He became the first Indian President to visit Australia.
  • The President will hold talks with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and is expected to sign some agreements.
  • Australia
  • Prime Minister: Scott Morrison
  • Capital: Canberra
  • Currency: Australian dollar

Rajesh Exports bags Rs 933 cr order

  • Rajesh Exports, the world’s largest gold refiner, had procured an order worth Rs. 933 crore from the UAE. The order will be executed by March 2019. It has its refineries located in Uttarakhand and at Balerna in Switzerland. It has a capacity to refine 2,400 tonnes of gold per annum. The company processes 35% of gold produced in world.

South Korean Kim Jong-yang elected as Interpol president

  • Kim Jong Yang of South Korea has been elected Interpol President for a two-year term. The decision was taken at the 87th General Assembly of the Agency in Dubai. Being held for the first time in the UAE, the Interpol General Assembly brought together officials of public security departments and global experts to discuss vital safety and security issues.
  • INTERPOL: The International Criminal Police Organization, more commonly known as Interpol, is the international organization that facilitates international police cooperation among 192 ?member countries.
  • President: Kim Jong Yang
  • Headquarters: Lyon, France

Temporary staff can’t be paid less: SC

  • The Supreme Court of India has reiterated that temporary employees are entitled to draw wages at the minimum of pay scales applicable to regular employees holding the same post. Disagreeing with the Allahabad High Court decision denying them wages at the minimum of pay scales, the Supreme Court, in a recent judgment, ordered the State to pay the same to the appellants with effect from December 1, 2018.
  • The Supreme Court based its decision on past rulings that held that an “employee engaged for the same work cannot be paid less than another who performs the same duties”.

UN environment Chief Erik Solheim resigns after audit on travel expenses

  • UN environment chief Erik Solheim has resigned from the post following an audit report questioning his huge travel expenses. A UN audit found that Solheim had spent nearly five lakhs US dollar on travel. He claimed these unjustified expenses at a time when the world body is struggling with shrinking budgets.
  • The former Environment Minister of Norway was head of the UN Environment Programme since June 2016.
  • The United Nations Environment Programme, an agency of the United Nations, coordinates the organization's environmental activities and assists developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices.
  • Headquarters: Nairobi, Kenya

US suspends USD 1.66 bn security assistance to Pakistan

  • The United States has suspended its 1.66 billion dollar security assistance to Pakistan. The blocking of military assistance, which began in January this year, is a strong signal of American frustration. The US is of the opinion that Pakistan has taken no serious steps to address the core US concern - that Pakistan often encourages groups which use violence against its neighbors.

Wasim Jaffer Becomes The First Player To Reach 11,000 Runs In Ranji Trophy

  • Veteran batsman Wasim Jaffer has became the first player to reach the 11,000 run-mark in Ranji Trophy. He achieved the landmark when he was on 97 on the second day of the Round 3, Elite Group A match. Jaffer also became the first batsman in Ranji Trophy to go past the 10,000-run mark.
  • The second best in the list is Amol Muzumdar with 9,202 runs under his belt. In the list of highest run-getters in Ranji Trophy, Devendra Bundela is placed third with 9,201 runs.
  • The all-time leading run-scorers in Indian domestic cricket is Sunil Gavaskar (25,834), Sachin Tendulkar (25,396), Rahul Dravid (23,794), VVS Laxman (19,730) and Vijay Hazare (18,740).

World Fisheries Day observed on November 21

  • World Fisheries Day is celebrated every year on November 21 to highlight the importance of healthy oceans ecosystems and to ensure sustainable stocks of fisheries in the world. Fisher folks also demonstrate the importance of maintaining the fisheries of the world along with highlighting the problems like overfishing and mechanization.
  • Fisheries is an important sector in India that provides employment to millions of people apart from contributing to the food security of the country.
  • India has over 8,000 km of coastline, and an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 2 million sq km, and extensive freshwater resources. Thus, fisheries play a vital role in the economy of the country with the practice contributing about 1.07 per cent to the GDP (Gross Domestic Product).
  • Fisheries in India makes up to 5.3 per cent to agriculture and allied activities.

World is not moving fast enough to curb global warming says UN Chief

  • Addressing the Virtual Climate Summit, the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has told that the world is not moving fast enough to curb global warming and needs immediate action to address the issue.
  • Mr Guterres urged world leaders to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. He also praised the online summit, which has been organised by the Marshall Islands using online technology to remain carbon neutral, as an example of the innovative thinking needed to combat climate change

World Television Day observed on November 21

  • The United Nations’ (UN) World Television Day is annually observed in many places around the world on November 21. This day recognizes that television plays a major role in presenting different issue that affect people.
  • On December 17, 1996, UN General Assembly proclaimed November 21 as World Television Day to commemorate the date on which the first World Television Forum was held earlier that year.

WTO panels to review U.S. steel, aluminium tariffs

  • The World Trade Organization has agreed to hear complaints from a range of countries over new U.S. steel and aluminium tariffs, as well as complaints from US over retaliatory duties.
  • The WTO’s Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) agreed to establish panels to review U.S. President Donald Trump’s decision to hit a long line of countries with tariffs of 25% on steel and 10% on aluminium.
  • The DSB will create separate panels for the complaints by the European Union (EU), China, Canada, Mexico, Norway and Russia, after the U.S. said it would not agree to a single panel to hear all of them.
  • It also agreed to a U.S. call for a panel to be created to review “certain Chinese measures pertaining to the protection of intellectual property rights.”