Daily Current Affairs - 26th Nov 2018

Australia lift Women's World T-20 title for fourth time by defeating England

  • Australia has lifted the Women's World Twenty-20 title for the fourth time. In the title clash played at Antigua, the Aussies recorded an emphatic 8-wicket win over England.
  • Australia bowled England for just 105 and then overhauled the target in just 15.1 overs with 8 wickets in hand.

B'desh captain Shakib Al Hasan fastest to claim 200 wickets, 3,000 runs Test double

  • Bangladesh captain Shakib Al Hasan surpassed legendary English cricketer Ian Botham to become the fastest cricketer in the history of Test cricket to complete the double of 200 wickets and 3,000 runs. Shakib achieved this feat in his 54th Test, one less than Botham's long-standing record of 55.

Cotton production estimated to decline

  • According to provisional estimates made by the Cotton Advisory Board, cotton production this season might be less than that seen last year as the production from October 2018 to September 2019 is estimated to be 361 lakh bales as against 370 lakh bales last season.
  • While the total area under cotton for last year was 124.29 lakh hectares, it was 122.38 lakh hectares for this season. The average yield (kg per hectare) has also reduced from 506.07 to 501.47.
  • Cotton demand by textile mills, including small-scale units, might be slightly higher this year at 305 lakh bales from 303 lakh bales last year.

Employee has right to resign, says SC

  • The Supreme Court of India in its recent order stated that to resign is a right of an employee and he cannot be forced to continue. It observed that an employee cannot be compelled to serve in case he is not willing until and unless there is some stipulation in the rules or in the terms of appointment or disciplinary proceedings is pending or contemplated which is sought to be avoided by resigning from the services.

EU approves Theresa May's Brexit deal

  • The United Kingdom’s withdrawal agreement from the European Union has been approved by EU leaders. The 27 leaders of the bloc gave it their backing after less than an hour's discussion in Brussels.
  • Th approval follows more than 18 months of negotiations between the two sides, which began when the UK triggered Article 50 in the wake of the 2016 referendum leave vote.
  • The UK is scheduled to leave the EU on the 29th March, 2019. The deal needs to be approved by the UK Parliament, with many MPs opposed.
  • The Parliament is expected to vote on the deal early next month.
  • The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.
  • President of the European Commission: Jean-Claude Juncker
  • President of the European Council: Donald Tusk
  • President of the European Parliament: Antonio Tajani
  • Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium

FPIs’ bullish stance continues; inflow at Rs 6,310-cr in Nov so far

  • According to the depositories data, foreign investors have pumped in Rs. 6,310 crore into capital markets this month so far, after pulling out massive funds in October, on easing crude oil prices and a strengthening rupee. Of these, most of the funds were infused in the debt market by foreign portfolio investors,. The recent inflows come after a net outflow of more than Rs. 38,900 crore in October.

Govt hikes outlay for first phase of FAME India scheme to Rs 895 crore

  • The Union government has increased the outlay by Rs 100 crore to Rs 895 crore for the first phase of the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles (FAME) India scheme to promote mass adoption of electric vehicles. This scheme has already been extended for four times with the latest extension is in effect till March 2019 or till a notification for the second phase.
  • This was based on recommendation from the Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) for an additional outlay of Rs 100 crore, over and above the existing approved outlay.

Harmanpreet Kaur named captain of ICC Women's World Twenty20 XI

  • India's women cricket team captain Harmanpreet Kaur has been named captain of the ICC Women's World Twenty20 XI, which also featured opener Smriti Mandhana and leg-spinner Poonam Yadav.
  • A selection panel of ICC in Dubai picked up the team on the basis of the players' performances in the tournament, which concluded today with Australia winning the title.
  • Three players from England, two from Australia and one each from Pakistan, New Zealand and the Windies have also been named in the eleven.

Income Tax Dept sells shares of Cairn Energy to recover retrospective tax

  • The Income Tax Department has sold almost all of Cairn Energy Plc.’s attached shares to recover a part of the Rs. 10,247 crore retrospective tax demand. Cairn Energy held 4.95% stake in Vedanta Ltd., which the department attached after issuing a Rs. 10,247 crore tax demand in 2014 on alleged capital gains the British firm made on a decade-old reorganisation of its India.

India beat Australia by six wickets, level T20 series

  • India beat Australia by six wickets in the third and final Twenty20 International at Sydney and levelled the series 1-1. In reply to Australia's 164 for 6 in the stipulated 20 overs, India finished with 168 for 4.
  • Skipper Virat Kohli top scored with 61 and remained unbeaten.

InterGlobe Aviation Chairman Devadas Mallya passes away

  • InterGlobe Aviation, which operates the country’s largest airline IndiGo, said that its chairman Devadas Mallya Mangalore passed away. He was also a non-executive independent director. He had served as the CMD of Bank of Baroda and Bank of Maharashtra.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women observed on 25th November

  • November 25th is observed as International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women since 1981. This date was selected to honour the Mirabal sisters, three political activists from the Dominican Republic who were brutally murdered in 1960 by order of the country’s ruler.
  • Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is one of the most widespread, persistent and devastating human rights violations in our world today remains largely unreported due to the impunity, silence, stigma and shame surrounding it.

NASA, SpaceX gear up for historic flight; plan test shoot on January 7

  • US space agency NASA is all geared up to send humans for the first time in eight years through SpaceX Crew Dragon. As part of the preparation, the space agency will first shoot out a test flight on January 7.
  • The SpaceX Crew Dragon can seat three astronauts, but will be unpiloted for its first test flight which will be launched from NASA's Kennedy Space Center, Florida. It will undergo an in-flight abort test sometime before its first crewed flight in June.
  • The flight aims to provide NASA with performance data from the SpaceX spacecraft and also help the agency certify if transportation system is ready for taking astronauts between Earth and the International Space Station.
  • NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley will be the first two astronauts to test the commercial spaceflight.

Nitish unveils 70 ft tall Lord Buddha’s statue in Rajgir

  • Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has unveiled a 70-foot-tall statue of Lord Buddha at Rajgir in Nalanda district. Mr. Kumar unveiled the statue of Lord Buddha, the second tallest statue of Buddha in the country.
  • The statue has been installed above a 16 metre radius pedestal in the middle of the lake Ghora Katora and has been made from 45,000 cubic foot pink sand stone.

November 26 is observed Constitution Day

  • November 26 is observed as Constitution Day every year. On this day in 1949, the constitution was adopted which came into force on January 26, 1950, marking the beginning of a new era in the history of India.

RIMES terms Titli cyclone ‘rarest of rare’

  • The Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System (RIMES) for Africa and Asia, a 45-nation international organisation on disaster warning, has termed ‘Titli’, the severe cyclonic storm that devastated Odisha in October, as ‘rarest cyclone’.
  • With more than 200 years of cyclone track history in Odisha coast, RIMES termed Titli cyclone as the rarest of rare in terms of its characteristics such as recurvature after landfall and retaining its destructive potential after landfall and recurvature away from the coastal areas for more than two days.
  • Earlier, India Meteorological Department had called the formation of Titli as a ‘rarest of rare’ occurrence. The severe cyclone had changed its path after landfall.

Russia to venture into Internet of things with new satellite system

  • Roscosmos, or Russia's state space corporation, has planned to venture into the Internet of things (IoT) with the launch of a new satellite system named 'Marathon'. This new satellite system will be a part of Russia's Sphere satellite constellation, which will be fully established by 2026.
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin has approved the Sphere constellation project, which involves the construction and deployment of 640 satellites.
  • GLONASS navigation, a satellite communication system and a data relay satellite set-up will be the other equipment in the constellation.

Syed Modi International Badminton C'ships: Sameer Verma retains title

  • Sameer Verma has won the Men's Syed Modi International Badminton Championships for the second time by defeating China's Guangzu Lu 16-21, 21-19, 21-14. With this win, Verma sealed his spot in the BWF World Tour Finals.
  • However, former champion Saina Nehwal lost in straight games to Han Yue of China in women’s singles summit clash.
  • Men’s doubles pair of Satwik Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty and women’s doubles players Ashwini Ponnappa and Sikki Reddy also settled for silver in their respective finals.

Taiwanese reject gay marriage

  • Voters in Taiwan passed a referendum asking that marriage be restricted to one man and one woman, a setback to LGBT couples hoping their island will be the first place in Asia to let same-sex couples share child custody and insurance benefits.
  • The vote which was organized by Christian groups that make up about 5% of Taiwan’s population and advocates of the traditional Chinese family structure, goes against a May 2017 Constitutional Court ruling.
  • Taiwan
  • Capital: Taipei
  • Currency: New Taiwan dollar

U.P. to build 221-metre Ram statue

  • The BJP government in Uttar Pradesh had cleared a proposal to erect a 221-metre-tall bronze statue of Lord Ram on the banks of the Saryu river in the temple town. The proposed Ram statue is set to be taller than the 182-metre-high statue of Sardar Patel which was recently inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Gujarat.
  • The proposed structure will comprise a 151-metre Ram statue, a 20-metre umbrella overhead and a 50-metre pedestal, bringing the total height to 221 metres.

UN selects Noida, Greater Noida to participate in Global Sustainable Cities 2025 initiative

  • The United Nations has selected Uttar Pradesh's Noida and Greater Noida to participate in its Global Sustainable Cities 2025 initiative. They have been selected in the "University City" category ahead of Mumbai and Bengaluru as the only invitee from India.
  • Overall 25 cities across the world have been selected in five categories by the UN Global Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) cities initiative.
  • Global Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), otherwise known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
  • Senior UN Advisor and CEO UN Global Sustainability Index Institute, Roland Schatz

US calls upon Pakistan, others to implement UNSC sanctions against 26/11 perpetrators

  • Describing the Mumbai terror attack as a barbarity, the US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has called upon Pakistan and other nations to uphold their UN Security Council obligations to implement sanctions against those responsible for the atrocity, including Lashkar-e-Taiba and its affiliates.
  • Pompeo said in a statement on the 10th anniversary of the terrorist attack it is an affront to the families of the victims that, after ten years, those who planned the Mumbai attack have still not been convicted for their involvement.