Daily Current Affairs - 08th Apr 2019

About 85% of Ujjwala beneficiaries in 4 States still use earthen stoves

  • According to a new study by the Research Institute for Compassionate Economics (RICE), 85% of Ujjwala beneficiaries in rural Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh still use solid fuels for cooking, due to financial reasons as well as gender inequalities.
  • As the resultant indoor air pollution can lead to infant deaths and harm child development, as well as contribute to heart and lung disease among adults, especially the women, cooking on these chulhas.
  • Ujjwala Yojna, launched in 2016, subsidises LPG connections for rural households by providing a free gas cylinder, regulator and pipe. Central government data shows that more than six crore households have received a connection through the scheme.

Algerian MPs to name interim leader on Tuesday

  • Algeria’s Parliament is set to meet on Tuesday to name an interim successor to President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, after mass protests pushed the ailing leader from power.
  • Algeria’s Constitution stipulates that the Speaker of the upper house of Parliament, currently Abdelkader Bensalah, should take the presidential reins. He is to serve for up to 90 days, during which a presidential election must be organised.
  • Algeria
  • Capital: Algiers
  • Currency: Algerian dinar

Barcelona inches closer to La Liga title

  • Luis Suarez and Lionel Messi scored one each in span of two minutes as Barcelona broke the resistance of 10-man Atletico Madrid to go 11 points clear of its La Liga title rival.
  • This victory leaves Barcelona almost out of sight with seven games left to play and maintains momentum ahead of its trip to Manchester United in the first leg of the Champions League quarterfinals.

BPEA will invest Rs. 2,600 cr. in NIIT

  • Baring Private Equity Asia (BPEA), has signed definitive agreements to buy a 30% stake in NIIT Technologies Limited shares from NIIT Limited and other promoter entities at a price of Rs. 1,394 per share, aggregating to Rs. 2,627 crore.
  • BPEA also made an open offer thereafter to increase its stake up to 56% for a total consideration Rs. 4,890 crore.
  • NIIT Technologies Limited, which became an independently listed company after demerger from NIIT Limited in 2004, has grown into one of the most innovative and trusted IT services company in India
  • NIIT Technologies, chairman: Rajendra Pawar,

British PM issues ‘stark' warning of no Brexit at all

  • British Prime Minister Theresa May has issued a stark warning to the warring factions within the UK Parliament that the choice was between agreeing on a withdrawal agreement or risk no Brexit at all.
  • The British Prime Minister sought to defend her move to reach out to Opposition Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn in an attempt to break the ongoing parliamentary deadlock over Britain's impending exit from the European Union (EU).
  • The UK has already sought one extension to the March 29th Brexit deadline and is set to crash out of the bloc on April 12th unless an alternative arrangement is agreed with the EU.

G7 calls for greater role for women in peace processes

  • Foreign ministers from Group of Seven (G7) countries have called for a greater role for women in solving conflicts, saying that peace settlements with female involvement were more likely to endure. They also called on greater mobilisation worldwide to prevent sexual and gender-based violence in conflict.
  • According to the UN Women's agency, between 1990 and 2017, women constituted only two per cent of mediators, eight per cent of negotiators, and five per cent of witnesses and signatories in all major peace process.
  • The Group of Seven is a group consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. These countries, with the seven largest IMF-described advanced economies in the world, represent 58% of the global net wealth.

Israeli PM Netanyahu vows to annex Jewish settlements in occupied West Bank if re-elected

  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has pledged to annex Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank if re-elected. More than 600,000 Israelis now live on war-won lands, two-thirds in the West Bank.
  • The voting for the 120-member Knesset will begin on Tuesday. Mr Netanyahu pledged that he would not dismantle a single Jewish settlement and that Israel would retain control of the territory west of the Jordan River - the West Bank.
  • Israel:
  • President: Reuven Rivlin
  • Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu
  • Capital: Jerusalem
  • Currency: Israeli new shekel

Kupcho is first queen of Augusta

  • American Jennifer Kupcho has become the first woman to capture a championship at former all-male enclave Augusta National Golf Club, out-duelling Mexico's Maria Fassi too win at the famed home of the Masters.
  • Japanese teen Yuka Yasuda and Yuka Saso of the Philippines shared a distant third on 214.

Lin Dan clinches Malaysia Open

  • Chinese badminton ace Lin Dan has clinched the Malaysia Open in Kuala Lumpur. He beat countryman Chen Long 9-21, 21-7, 21-11. The title is Lin's first win this year, and also his first major success since taking the Malaysia Open in 2017.

Maldives leader’s party declares sweeping election victory

  • Maldives President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih’s party declared a sweeping parliamentary election victory on Sunday that could give him a free hand in efforts to restore political freedoms and tackle corruption.
  • Solih’s Maldivian Democratic Party was leading in 60 of the 87 seats in parliament following Saturday’s vote. This could be the first time a single party wins a majority in parliament since the Indian Ocean archipelago nation became a multiparty democracy in 2008 after decades of autocratic rule.
  • Maldives:
  • President: Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
  • Capital: Male
  • Currency: Maldivian rufiyaa

Pakistan frees 100 Indian fishermen

  • Pakistan released 100 Indian fishermen as a goodwill gesture. The fishermen form the first batch of 360 Indian prisoners Pakistan has promised to set free in four phases this month.
  • The released prisoners have left for Lahore, from where they would be taken to the Wagah border and handed over to the Indian authorities.
  • Pakistan:
  • President: Arif Alvi
  • Prime Minister: Imran Khan
  • Capital: Islamabad
  • Currencies: Pakistani rupee

Rwanda begins 100 days of mourning for over 800,000 people slaughtered in genocide

  • Rwanda begins one hundred days of mourning for over 800,000 people slaughtered in a genocide that shocked the world, a quarter of a century on from the day it began.
  • President Paul Kagame will start a week of commemoration activities by lighting a remembrance flame at the Kigali Genocide Memorial, where more than 250,000 victims are believed to be buried, mainly from the Tutsi people.
  • The killings started on April 7, 1994, and lasted till July 4 of that year.
  • Rwanda
  • President: Paul Kagame
  • Capital: Kigali
  • Currency: Rwandan franc

Sathiyan finishes sixth

  • G. Sathiyan, who had booked a World Cup berth with a stunning win over World No. 14 Chun Ting Wong of Hong Kong has now lost to the 17-year-old Lin Yun-Ju of Chinese Taipei 11-4, 11-8, 11-8, 14-12 in the match for 5-6 spots.

Sydney Brenner, a Decipherer of the Genetic Code, Is Dead at 92

  • Sydney Brenner, a South African-born biologist who helped determine the nature of the genetic code and shared a Nobel Prize in 2002 for developing a tiny transparent worm into a test bed for biological discoveries, died in Singapore. He was 92.
  • Dr. Brenner was a central player in the golden age of molecular biology, which extended from the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953 to the mid-1960s.
  • Dr. Brenner made a decisive contribution to solving the code with an ingenious series of experiments in which he altered the DNA of a virus that attacks bacteria.

UAE announces long-term visas for best 100 Arab start-ups

  • The UAE Government has announced granting long-term visas for the top 100 start-ups shaping the fourth industrial revolution.
  • The 100 Arab start-ups were selected at the World Economic Forum on the Middle East and North Africa, held in Jordan between 6-7th April. The Forum witnessed for the first time bringing together 100 emerging companies from the Arab region, which are working to shape the future of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
  • According to the World Economic Forum's latest report, 20% of the Arab world's 100 most promising startups are based in the UAE.

Yellow weather warning for Himachal

  • The Meteorological Department issued a yellow weather warning for rain in Himachal Pradesh. The weather department has forecast thunderstorm with hail in isolated places of mid hills, including Shimla, Mandi, Kullu, Chamba, Solan and Sirmaur.
  • The weather office issues colour-coded warnings to alert people ahead of severe or hazardous weather which has the potential to cause damage, widespread disruption or danger to life.
  • Yellow is the least dangerous of the weather warnings.