Daily Current Affairs - 10th Jun 2019

Draft National Education Policy proposes formal education from age of three

  • All Indian children could soon enter the formal education system at the age of three, with the draft National Education Policy projecting an expansion of the Right To Education Act to cover the three years of preschool before Class 1.
  • The draft policy also wants early childhood education to be overseen and regulated by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) as part of the school system, rather than the private pre-schools and anganwadis that currently cater to the 3-to-6 years age group.
  • The draft Policy praises the contribution of anganwadis to improving health and nutrition, but notes that their record in education is not so strong.
  • An inter-ministerial task force will work out a roadmap for the transition by the end of 2019, says the draft policy.

French Open: Rafael Nadal lifts Men's Singles title for 12th time

  • Rafael Nadal has lifted the French Open Men's Singles title for the 12th time. He defeated Austrian fourth seed Dominic Thiem, 6-3, 5-7, 6-1, 6-1 to win at the Roland Garros for the third straight year.
  • Thus he became the first player to win 12 Singles titles at the same Grand Slam and has now won 18 majors overall.
  • Nadal is now just two titles behind Roger Federer's all-time record of 20 majors and is three ahead of world number one Novak Djokovic.
  • Nadal also took his Paris record to an astonishing 93 wins and just two losses.

Hamilton wins 7th Canadian GP after Vettel penalty

  • Lewis Hamilton secured a record-breaking seventh win at the 2019 Canadian Grand Prix, after a penalty for Sebastian Vettel, who finished first on the road, demoted the German to second in the standings.
  • With this Hamilton took a record-equalling seventh victory at the Canadian Grand Prix to match Michael Schumacher’s record in Montreal, as well as claiming his fifth win of the season to stretch his lead at the head of the drivers’ standings.

Hong Kong marchers fill the streets in protest at extradition bill

  • Hong Kong was plunged into a fresh political crisis after thousands of people took to the streets to thwart a proposed extradition law that would allow suspects to be sent to Mainland China to face trial.
  • The demonstration capped weeks of growing outrage in the business, diplomatic and legal communities, which fear corrosion of Hong Kong’s legal autonomy and the difficulty of ensuring basic judicial protections in Mainland China.
  • Hong Kong chief executive Carrie Lam

ICC World Cup: India beat Australia by 36 runs at Oval

  • India recorded a stunning 36-run win over defending champions Australia at the Kennington Oval in London. Opting to bat, India posted 352 for 5 with contributions from Shikhar Dhawan (117) Rohit Sharma (57) andVirat Kohli(82).
  • Defending 353, India then dismissed Australia for 316 to record their second consecutive victory after an opening win over South Africa.

India seeks solution on taxing digital firms

  • Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman called upon the G20 members to urgently fix the issue of taxing profits made by digital economy companies in countries where they do not have significant physical presence.
  • As offshore digital companies such as Facebook, Google, and Netflix have little presence in India, taxing their profits is not possible. This prompted the Indian government to roll out equalization levy as a tax deducted at source on payments made to them by Indian firms with effect from June 2016.
  • The aim is to bring offshore companies with ‘significant economic presence’ in India into the tax net to address the shortcomings in taxing the digital economy.

ISRO gears up for Chandrayaan-2 mission

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation has marked mid-July for the take-off Chandrayaan-2, the country’s first moon lander and rover mission.
  • ISRO has set September 6 as the date to soft-land its landing craft at the lunar south pole - a region where no agency has got to so far.
  • The lander is named Vikram (meaning valour, after the father of the Indian space programme, Vikram Sarabhai). It will release a small robotic rover, named Pragyan (wisdom), to move around, feel and understand the lunar surface.

Kazakhstan elects new leader as hundreds arrested in protests

  • Kazakhstan has elected interim leader Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, the hand-picked successor of former president Nursultan Nazarbayev.
  • The government-approved "Public Opinion" pollster which gave Tokayev, a career diplomat and interim president, 70 percent of the vote while his closest rival Amirzhan Kosanov got 15 percent.
  • The protesters were calling for a boycott of the snap election, which they allege was staged to put in office a politician loyal to Nazarbayev, who resigned in March.
  • Kazakhstan
  • Capital: Nur-Sultan
  • Currency: Kazakhstani tenge

Pakistan's economic growth expected to hit 3.3 %, well below target: Survey

  • According to the Economic Survey, Pakistan's economic growth in the financial year ending in June is expected to hit 3.3 per cent, well below the target of 6.3 per cent.
  • The dip in the economic growth is expected as the government failed to meet targets in nearly all sectors.
  • The manufacturing sector slid by 0.3 per cent and the large scale manufacturing showed a negative growth of 2 per cent against the target 8.1 per cent.
  • There is also a sharp decline in the industrial sector that registered a growth of 1.4 per cent against the target of 7.6 per cent.

Para athletes create world record

  • India’s Sandeep Chaudhary and Sumit shattered two world records in men’s F40-46/61-64 javelin throw category at the World Para Athletics GP in Grosseto, Italy. Sandeep won the gold with 65.80m in F44 category.
  • Sumit finished second in the combined event with a throw of 60.45m, which is also a world record in F64 category.
  • Sundar Singh Gurjar, finished third in F46 with a throw of 58.99m.
  • All the three have already qualified for the 2020 Tokyo Paralympics by virtue of their performance in the 2018 Para Asian Games

Prabhakar Rao passes away

  • Former Ranji cricketer and administrator Prabhakar Rao, passed away. Prabhakar Rao was a medium-pacer who played 32 matches for Tamil Nadu (formerly Madras) picking 84 wickets at an average of 25.08 with a best effort of seven for 28.
  • Rao made his name as an able administrator with the Tamil Nadu Cricket Association.

Shooting: Indian team claims silver

  • India’s Vivaan Kapoor and Manisha Keer clinched the mixed trap silver, behind Italy-A, in the 11th international junior shotgun Cup. The Indian duo was beaten 45-39 for the gold by Lorenzo Ferrari and Sofia Littame.
  • In mixed team skeet, Areeba Khan and Abhay Singh Sekhon made the final but finished sixth.

Two lakh Indians to perform Haj

  • Union Minister of Minority Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi has claimed that the quota for Indians to perform Haj has increased from 1,32,000 pilgrims to two lakh pilgrims in the last five years, the highest number since Independence.
  • He stated that the number of Indian Haj Pilgrims is more than that of Pakistan and the quota is most likely to increase.

UAE Cabinet adopts "National Strategy for Wellbeing 2031"

  • The UAE Cabinet has adopted the National Strategy for Wellbeing 2031 during its meeting at the Presidential Palace in Abu Dhabi. The National Strategy for Wellbeing 2031 aims to make the UAE a world leader in quality of life through a number of strategic objectives and initiatives.
  • It also aims to promote an integrated concept of wellbeing, thus supporting the vision of the UAE Vision 2021 and the UAE Centennial 2071.
  • It includes 14 components and nine strategic objectives, which include enhancing people's wellbeing by promoting healthy and active lifestyles, promoting good mental health and adopting positive thinking.

UK foreign minister says EU willing to renegotiate Brexit deal

  • British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt has said that German Chancellor Angela Merkel had indicated that the EU would be willing to renegotiate the Brexit divorce deal.
  • Mr Hunt, one of nearly a dozen Conservatives vying to succeed Mrs May after she resigned as party leader, said he spoke with Mrs Merkel and was convinced changing the agreement was possible.
  • Ms May had agreed the package with the EU last year but British lawmakers rejected it three times, forcing her to delay Brexit twice - the latest extension being to 31st October.