Daily Current Affairs - 19th Jun 2019

America to begin process of removing millions of illegal migrants next week: Trump

  • US President Donald Trump has said, America will begin the process of removing millions of illegal migrants next week. Mr Trump said, the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) will deport the people who have illicitly found their way into the United States.
  • The US is facing a surge in migrant arrivals from Guatemala and other impoverished Central American countries El Salvador and Honduras which are plagued by gang violence.

FIH Series Finals: Indian Women's Hockey team defeat Fiji to enter semifinals

  • India thrashed Fiji 11-0 to storm into the semifinals of the FIH Women's Series Finals hockey tournament in Hiroshima, Japan. Gurjit Kaur slammed four goals, including a hat-trick. World no. 9 India dominated their opponents throughout the match.

Govt compulsorily retires 15 senior officials of Customs, Central Excise

  • The Union government has ordered the compulsory retirement of 15 senior officers of the Indian Revenue Service, Customs and Central Excise on charges of corruption and professional misconduct. The officers who were retired compulsorily are of the ranks of Principal Commissioner, Commissioner, Additional Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner.
  • Last week, twelve senior officers of Income Tax Department including one of the ranks of the joint commissioner, were compulsorily retired by the government on charges of corruption and professional misconduct.

Govt decides to remove requirement of minimum educational qualification for transport vehicle drivers

  • The Union government has decided to remove the requirement of minimum educational qualification for transport vehicle drivers. At present, according to the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, a transport vehicle driver needs to have passed class eight. This new move will benefit skilled persons in economically backward areas.
  • The decision will also help meet the shortage of nearly 22 lakh drivers in the transport and logistics sector, which is hindering its growth.

Hero MotoCorp appoints Yerry Mina as new brand ambassador

  • Hero MotoCorp Ltd., the world's largest manufacturer of motorcycles and scooters, announced the appointment of Yerry Mina, the popular Colombian professional footballer, as its new Brand Ambassador.
  • Mina - one of the promising young footballers - has consistently delivered a series of impressive performances for the Colombian National Football Team (during FIFA World Cup Russia 2018) and his clubs.

ICC Cricket World Cup: England defeat Afghanistan by 150 runs

  • England beat Afghanistan by 150 runs in a league match in Manchester last night. Chasing a huge target, Afghanistan made 247 for 8 in the stipulated 50 overs. Earlier, England set a 398 run victory target for Afghanistan after losing 6 wickets.
  • For England, Eoin Morgan slammed a majestic 148 off 71 while Jonny Baitstow scored 90 and Joe Root 88.
  • Eoin Morgan has created a new world record for maximum sixes in an ODI innings as he hit 17 sixes en route to his breathtaking 148 off just 71 balls against Afghanistan.
  • The previous record (16 sixes) was held jointly by Chris Gayle, Rohit Sharma and AB de Villiers.

India extends 15 million dollars grant assistance to Niger in support of organizing of AU summit

  • India has extended 15 million dollars grant assistance to Niger in support of organizing of the African Union summit scheduled from 7th of next month in capital Niamey. The support of grant assistance was in response to a specific request made by Government of Niger.
  • Niger is hosting the AU Summit for the first time. The AU Summit in Niamey is also expected to launch the historic African Continental Free Trade Area, AfCFTA.
  • India is also establishing Mahatma Gandhi International Convention Centre, MGICC under grant assistance in Niamey. The Centre honours the memory of Mahatma Gandhi whose 150th birth anniversary is being observed in 2019.
  • Ambassador of India to Niger Rajesh Agarwal
  • Niger
  • President: Mahamadou Issoufou
  • Prime Minister: Brigi Rafini
  • Capital:Niamey
  • Currency:West African CFA franc
  • African Union is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa, with exception of various territories of European possessions located in Africa.
  • Chairperson: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
  • Headquarters: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

India Will Overtake China As Most Populated Country In 8 Years: UN Report

  • According to a United Nations report titled ''The World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights'', India will overtake China to become the world's most populated country in just eight years(ie by 2027).
  • As per the report, India likely to add nearly 273 million people between 2019 and 2050.
  • Meanwhile, the Chinese population will decrease by 31.4 million, or around 2.2 per cent, between 2019 and 2050.
  • The report estimated that the world's population is expected to increase by two million by 2050, from 7.7 billion today to 9.7 billion.
  • The nine countries expected to show the biggest increase in population are India, Nigeria and Pakistan, followed by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the United States of America. In all, the population of sub-Saharan Africa is expected to practically double by 2050.
  • China, with 1.43 billion people in 2019, and India, with 1.37 billion, have long been the two most populous countries of the world, comprising 19 and 18 per cent, respectively, of the global total in 2019. They are followed by the United States of America, with 329 million in 2019, and Indonesia, with 271 million.

India, Myanmar conduct joint operation to destroy militant camps in Northeast

  • The armies of India and Myanmar carried out a three-week-long coordinated operation called “Operation Sunrise 2” from May 16 in their respective border areas, targeting several militant groups operating in Manipur, Nagaland and Assam.
  • The first phase of “Operation Sunrise” was conducted three months ago along the Indo-Myanmar border, during which a number of camps of north-east-based militant groups were busted.
  • Myanmar is one of the strategic neighbours of India and shares a 1,640-km border with a number of north-eastern states, including the militancy-hit Nagaland and Manipur.

Indian flexi-workforce rises to 3.3 mn in 2018 from 1.2 mn in 2015: Report

  • According to a report by the India Staffing Federation, workforce under flexi-staffing, or staff provided through contractors to various employers, grew at a compounded annual growth rate of 16.3% to 3.3 million in 2018 as compared with 2.1 million in 2015.
  • This trend indicates formalisation of workforce which get provident fund, and other social security benefits being enjoyed by formal sector workers.

Libra is Facebook’s cryptocurrency

  • Facebook Inc. unveiled plans to launch a cryptocurrency in a move that could diversify its business from advertising while expanding into financial services market.
  • The cryptocurrency, called Libra, will be a secure blockchain-based payment system backed by hard assets and designed for ordinary users, making it among the boldest efforts yet to bring digital currencies into the mainstream.
  • Facebook and some two dozen partners released a prototype of Libra as an open source code to be used by developers interested in weaving it into apps, services or businesses ahead of a rollout as global digital money next year.

NEC, NPC agree on tie-up venture in area of capacity building, evaluation of projects

  • The North Eastern Council (NEC) and the National Productivity Council (NPC) have agreed on a tie-up venture in the area of capacity building and evaluation of projects.
  • With this initiative, the benefits to the North Eastern Region would be immense in terms of improved capacity in project implementation and management which will help in timely completion of projects.

Pak. Army chief gets more say in economic matters

  • In a move that would further expand the powerful Pakistani military’s influence, Army chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa has been made a member of the newly-formed National Development Council (NDC) headed by Prime Minister Imran Khan.
  • The military is now set to play a greater role in economic matters of Pakistan.
  • The 13-member NDC will set policies and strategies for development and provide guidelines for regional cooperation, according to a notification. It will provide measures for local coordination and provincial Chief Ministers will also be invited to the council’s meetings.

Piyush Goyal calls upon Zonal Railway officials to work as team to achieve ambitious targets set by Railway Board

  • Minister for Railways Piyush Goyal has called upon the Zonal Railway officials to work as a team to achieve ambitious targets set by Railway Board. Chairing a high level review meeting with all General Managers of Zonal Railways, Production Units and Divisional Railway Managers, he insisted that Safety, Cleanliness and hygiene in Railways should continue to be key focus areas.
  • The agenda of the meeting was safety performance, punctuality, capacity enhancement and other various ongoing developmental projects in Indian Railways.
  • He emphasized on elimination of Manned Level crossings and construction of Road over Bridge/Road Under Bridges at a swift pace in each zone.
  • Chairman Railway Board Vinod Kumar Yadav

RBI slaps Rs. 1 cr. penalty on HDFC Bank

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed a Rs. 1 crore penalty on private sector lender HDFC Bank for violating know your customer (KYC) and anti-money laundering (AML) norms.

Revolt unveils its first electric bike

  • Electric two-wheeler start up Revolt Intellicorp unveiled its first electric motorcycle — the RV400. The company, founded by co-founder of Micromax Rahul Sharma, will roll out the bike in Delhi initially, followed by the national capital region, Chennai, Pune, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Nagpur and Ahmedabad in the next four months.
  • The bike, which comes enabled with artificial intelligence features, promises to give a mileage of 156 km on a single charge.

SEBI permits stock exchanges to introduce futures on commodity indices

  • Capital markets regulator SEBI has permitted stock exchanges with commodity derivative segment to introduce futures on indices.
  • The regulator has directed the stock exchanges to submit proposal with contract specifications and risk management framework for approval before launching any futures contract on an index.
  • The SEBI directives are in line with recommendations of Commodity Derivatives Advisory Committee.

Senior National Squash Championship: Joshna Chinappa wins record 17th title, Mahesh Mangaoker clinches men's crown

  • Joshna Chinappa has won the national squash title for a record 17th time after she outplayed her Tamil Nadu rival Sunayna Kuruvilla in the final. She defeated Kuruvilla 11-5, 11-4, 7-11, 11-5 in the summit clash of the 76th Senior National Squash Championship women's event.
  • Mahesh Mangaonkar outplayed second-seeded Abhishek Pradhan 12-10, 11-7, 11-9 to win the men's title.
  • Chinappa set a new standard by winning the national squash title for the 17th time to break a long-standing milestone set by Bhuvneshwari Kumari, the 16-time national champion.

Trump to hold extended talks with Xi on sidelines of G20

  • US President Donald Trump has said, he will hold an extended meeting with his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the G-20 summit. This move is seen as a major development amid the ongoing trade war between two of the world's largest economies.

UK: Boris Johnson solidifies lead in race for prime minister

  • Boris Johnson remains the frontrunner in the race to become the next leader of Britain's Conservative Party – and the next prime minister of the United Kingdom.
  • He was the clear favourite among the party's 313 MPs in a second secret ballot, held on Tuesday afternoon, storming ahead with 126 votes, 80 ahead of his nearest rival, Jeremy Hunt.
  • Prime Minister Theresa May earlier this month formally stepped down as party leader after her authority to govern collapsed following several failed attempts to win Parliament's approval for a negotiated deal to leave the EU.

US approves deployment of 1,000 additional troops in West Asia amid tensions with Iran

  • The US has approved the deployment of 1,000 additional troops in West Asia for defensive purposes amidst tensions with Iran. The deployment is being done to ensure the safety and welfare of US military personnel working throughout the region and to protect America's national interests.
  • The announcement came hours after Iran said it would surpass the uranium-stockpile limit set by its nuclear deal in the next 10 days.