Daily Current Affairs - 23rd Jul 2019

Acharya Devvrat takes oath as new Governor of Gujarat

  • Acharya Devvrat took the oath as a new Governor of Gujarat. Acting Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court administered the oath in presence of outgoing Governor Shri O.P. Kohli, Chief Minister Vijay Rupani, and Speaker of the state Assembly.

Avengers: Endgame Dethrones Avatar To Become Highest Earning Movie Ever

  • Avengers: Endgame, the concluding chapter in a Marvel superhero saga from Walt Disney Co., toppled James Cameron's Avatar to become the highest-grossing film of all time.
  • This movie has now taken in an estimated $2.790.2 billion in theaters worldwide ahead of the $2,789.7 billion accumulated by Avatar a decade ago.
  • Disney has had a run of box-office successes built around Marvel, Star Wars and Pixar movies that have made it the industry leader.

Badminton: India lose to Indonesia, bow out of Asia Junior C'ships

  • In Badminton, Maisnam Meiraba put up a brave effort before India bowed out of the Asia Junior Championships. Meiraba suffered a 0-3 loss to Indonesia in the quarter-finals of the Mixed Team event. In girls’ singles, Malvika Bansod was unlucky to miss out on winning a tight first game and eventually went down fighting 202-22, 7-21 to junior World No.4 Putri Kusuma Wardani.

Britain plans European-led naval mission in the Gulf

  • Britain said that it was planning a European-led protection force for shipping in the Gulf after Iranian authorities seized a British-flagged tanker in a dramatic escalation of tensions in the region.
  • This move came two weeks after British authorities seized an Iranian tanker off its overseas territory of Gibraltar.

Chandrayaan-2 successfully launched

  • India successfully launched its second moon mission Chandrayaan-2 from its most powerful rocket with a plan to land the rover on September 7 in the unexplored lunar south pole, exactly a week after the liftoff was aborted due to a technical snag.
  • The 43.43-metre tall three-stage rocket GSLV-MkIII-M1 dubbed as ''Baahubali'' for its ability to carry heavy payloads, successfully placed the Chandrayaan-2 in the Earth orbit.
  • Chandrayaan-2 will explore and perform studies on the south pole region of lunar terrain which is not explored and sampled by any past mission. This mission will offer new knowledge about the moon.
  • The Rs 978-crore unmanned mission also brought woman power to the fore as it was helmed by two woman scientists of the ISRO--Ritu Karidhal and M Vanitha, the Mission and Project directors respectively.
  • ISRO Chairman K Sivan

FDI inflow registered growth of 79% during last 6 years

  • According the Union Commerce Ministry data, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow has increased during the last six years from 36.05 billion US Dollars in 2013-14 to 64.38 billion US Dollars in 2018-19, registering a growth of 79 per cent.

Former tennis star Peter McNamara dies aged 64

  • The former Australian Davis Cup tennis player, Peter McNamara, has died from cancer aged 64. McNamara, who reached a career-high No 7 in the world in 1983, beat all-time greats Jimmy Connors and Ivan Lendl to win two of his five singles titles.
  • He is perhaps best remembered for his successful doubles partnership with Paul McNamee, the duo twice winning Wimbledon, in 1980 and 1982 as well as the 1979 Australian Open.

IAEA chief Yukiya Amano passes away

  • Former Japanese diplomat and International Atomic Energy Agency Chief Yukiya Amano died at 72.
  • Amano, who had wide experience in disarmament, non-proliferation diplomacy and nuclear energy, had been chief of the key U.N. agency that regulates nuclear issues worldwide since 2009.
  • He was also deeply involved in the years long negotiations that led to the landmark Iran nuclear deal with world powers that restricted the country’s nuclear uranium enrichment.

India A win final one-dayer against West Indies A to clinch series 4-1

  • India-A defeated West Indies-A by eight wickets in the fifth and final unofficial one-dayer, completing a 4-1 series triumph in Antigua. Electing to bat first, West Indies-A were all out for 236 in 47.4 Overs. India-A made 237 for the loss of two wickets with 102 balls to spare.

Inter-Ministerial Committee recommends ban on crypto-currencies in India

  • The committee set up to look into the legality of cryptocurrencies and blockchain has submitted its report to the Finance Ministry and recommended that private cryptocurrencies be banned completely in India.
  • It has also drafted a law, the ‘Banning of Cryptocurrency & Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill, 2019’, which mandates a fine and imprisonment of up to 10 years for offences.
  • The report went on to highlight the fact that cryptocurrencies do not have any intrinsic value of their own and lack any of the attributes of a currency. That is, they neither act as a store of value nor are they a medium of exchange in themselves.
  • The committee has also proposed that the Government keeps an open mind on official digital currency.
  • The government had constituted an Inter-Ministerial Committee on November 2, 2017, under the Chairmanship of Economic Affairs Secretary Subhash Chandra Garg and comprising senior officials of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, SEBI and the RBI.

June 23rd is National Broadcasting day

  • June 23rd is observed as National Broadcasting day every year. On this day in 1927, the first ever radio broadcast in the country went on the air from the Bombay Station under a private company, the Indian Broadcasting Company.
  • On 8th of June, 1936, the Indian State Broadcasting Service became All India Radio.

Keshav Dutt, Prasun Banerjee chosen for Mohun Bagan Ratna

  • Two-time Olympic gold medallist Keshav Dutt and former India Football Captain Prasun Banerjee will be conferred the 'Mohun Bagan Ratna' during its annual day celebrations on the 29th of this month.
  • This is for the first time Mohun Bagan's executive committee has decided toconfer their highest honour to a non-footballer.
  • Mohun Bagan will also felicitate pacer Mohammed Shami, India's hat-trick hero of the 2019 ICC Cricket World Cup,while Ashok Chatterjee will be given the Lifetime Achievement award.
  • It will also give Life Memberships to Sourav Ganguly, ChuniGoswami, Dr Vece Paes, Prasenjit Chatterjee and Deb Shankar Halder.
  • July 29 is celebrated as the 'Mohun Bagan Day' because on this day in 1911, the Mariners became the first club to defeat a British club, East Yorkshire Regiment, and lift the IFA Shield.

Lucknow to host arms show DefExpo in February

  • The Union Defence Ministry has selected Lucknow to conduct Asia's biggest defence exhibition in 2020 from February 5th to 8th next year. The theme of the DefExpo India- 2020 is ‘India: The Emerging Defence Manufacturing Hub’ and focus will be on ‘Digital Transformation of Defence’.
  • Traditionally, Delhi used to be the venue for this exhibition but in 2016 the expo shifted to Goa and then to Chennai in 2018.

M.M. Naravane to be next Vice-Chief of Army

  • Lieutenant-General M.M. Naravane, currently General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Army Command, has been appointed the next Vice-Chief of the Army Staff in a series of changes in the Army’s top brass.
  • He will take over from Lt. Gen. D. Anbu when he retires on August 31.
  • Lt.Gen. Naravane, the senior-most officer in the force after the Chief of the Army Staff, General Bipin Rawat, is in line to succeed him on his retirement on December 30.

Malinga to quit ODIs

  • Veteran Sri Lankan pace bowler Lasith Malinga will retire from ODIs after the first game of the three-match series against Bangladesh.
  • Malinga is currently the 3rd highest wicket-taker in ODI cricket for Sri Lanka with 335 wickets in 219 innings with only Muttiah Muralitharan (523) and Chaminda Vaas (399) above him on the list.

NPA declined, says Finance Minister in Lok Sabha

  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has said the gross Non-Performing Assets (NPA) have declined from eight lakh 95 thousand 601 crore rupees as on 31st of March 2018 to seven lakh 89 thousand 569 crore rupees as on 31st of March 2019. She further added that the aggregate losses of the Public Sector Banks reduced by five thousand 286 crore rupees in 2018-19.
  • The Finance Minister said this was due to the government’s strategy of recognition, resolution, recapitalization and reforms.

Parliament passes Protection of Human Rights Amendment Bill

  • Parliament has passed the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019 with Rajya Sabha approving it. The Lok Sabha has already passed the Bill. The Bill amends the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
  • The bill provides for a reduction in the tenure of Chairpersons of National Human Rights Commission and State Human Rights Commissions to three years from the current five years.
  • The bill also states that besides the former Chief Justice of India, as is the current requirement, a former Supreme Court Judge can also become the NHRC Chairperson.
  • Similarly, a former High Court Judge can also become a State Human Rights Commission Chairperson besides a High Court Chief Justice.

PCI recommended to make paid news incidence a punishable electoral malpractice: I&B Minister

  • Union Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar has said the Press Council of India has recommended amendment to the Representation of the People Act, 1951 in order to make the incidence of paid news a punishable electoral malpractice.
  • The Minister said the Press Council of India has received 58 cases of paid news during 2018-19 from the Election Commission and others.
  • The Minister said the Election Commission has also recommended for including paid news in the category of corrupt practices or electoral offences.

PV Sindhu, K Srikanth to lead Indian campaign at Japan Open

  • Indian shuttlers PV Sindhu and Kidambi Srikanth will lead the Indian campaign at the Japan Open BWF World Tour Super, starting in Tokyo today.
  • Other Indians participating in the men's singles event are B.Sai Praneeth, Sameer Verma and HS Prannoy.
  • The mixed doubles pair of Ashwini Ponappa and Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and the men's doubles partners Manu Attri and Sumeeth B Reddy are participating in the event.

Sri Lanka extends Emergency for another month

  • Sri Lanka has extended by another month, the state of emergency imposed after the Easter Sunday attacks. This is the fourth time emergency provisions have been imposed after the attacks which killed 268 people including 45 foreigners.
  • The President is of the opinion that the extension was necessary in the interest of public security and the preservation of public order.

Table Tennis: India tops medal tally with seven gold at Commonwealth C'ships

  • In Table Tennis, hosts India completed a clean sweep, claiming all the seven gold medals at the 21st Commonwealth Championships, which concluded in Cuttack. Harmeet Desai and Ayhika Mukherjee won the men's and women's singles titles.
  • Harmeet defeated favourite G. Sathiyan 4-3 in a hard-fought final to claim the men's singles title.
  • In women singles, Ayhika won her maiden gold in the championships, thrashing former national champion Madurika Patkar 4-0
  • Anthony Amalraj and Manav Thakkar claimed the men's doubles gold by stunning top seeds Sathiyan and Sharath Kamal 3-1.
  • Indian paddlers topped the medals tally with seven gold, five silver and three bronze.

Tennis: Women's world rankings unchanged

  • In Tennis, the women's world rankings were unchanged with Ashleigh Barty of Australia at number one. Japan's Naomi Osaka is second with Karolina Pliskova of the Czech Republic third and Romania's Wimbledon champion Simona Halep fourth. Kiki Bertens of the Netherlands rounds out the top five.

Three Indian boxers enter quarters of Thailand International Tournament

  • Asian Championships silver-medallist Deepak Singh was among the three Indian boxers to enter the quarterfinals of the Thailand International Tournament in Bangkok. Manisha Moun and Ashish Kumar were the other Indians to enter the last-eight stage.

Ukraine: Prez Volodymyr Zelenskyy's party leads in parliamentary election

  • In Ukraine, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy's party is leading in the parliamentary election, according to preliminary results released by the electoral body. President's Servant of the People party has won 43.10 per cent of the vote as 90.89 per cent of ballots are counted so far.
  • The Opposition Platform - For Life party comes second with 12.94 per cent of votes, followed by former President Petro Poroshenko's European Solidarity with 8.18 per cent.
  • The President's party said it is on course to win about 250 of parliament's 450 seats.

World Bank continues to support Andhra Pradesh with over $1 bn programme

  • The World Bank, which has dropped a loan proposal for Amaravati project, said it continues to support Andhra Pradesh with an over one billion USD programme that covers the health, agriculture, energy and disaster management sectors. This includes a new $328 million support to the state's health sector, signed with the Andhra Pradesh government on June 27, 2019.
  • The World Bank's statement comes in the backdrop of its dropping a 300 million USD loan proposal for the Amaravati Sustainable Infrastructure and Institutional Development Project.