Daily Current Affairs - 24th Jul 2019

Abhay, Tanvi win Bengal Open squash titles

  • Abhay Singh of Tamil Nadu and Asian Games medallist Tanvi Khanna clinched the men's and women's titles respectively in the sixth Bengal Open squash tournament in Kolkata.
  • Second seed Singh defeated top seed Abhishek Pradhan 11-6 11-6 11-4, while Tanvi fought her way past Tamil Nadu's Aparajitha Balamurukan 11-7 11-6 5-11 13-11.

Andhra Pradesh Becomes First State to Reserve 75% Private Jobs for Local Youths

  • Andhra Pradesh became the first state to reserve jobs for local youth after the assembly passed the Andhra Pradesh Employment of Local Candidates in Industries/Factories Act, 2019, which reserves 75 per cent jobs in industrial units, factories, joint ventures and projects set up under public-private partnership mode.
  • According to the new law, if a company does not find the necessary skills in locals, then it will need to train them in association with the state government.

Bangladesh: Scientists develop method to convert Jute fibre into low-cost bio-degradable cellulose sheets

  • Scientists in Bangladesh have developed a method to convert Jute fibre into low-cost bio-degradable cellulose sheets named 'Sonali' which can be used as wrapping material and carrying bag.
  • The Eco-friendly jute poly bags made up of Sonali can be used in garments and food packaging work and they are not harmful for human health.
  • The commercial production of these bags is likely to start by the year-end. Government of Bangladesh has approved 9 lakh dollars in April this year from its climate change fund to help in large-scale production of these bags.

Boris Johnson to take over as Prime Minister of Britain

  • The new leader of Conservative party Boris Johnson will take over as Prime Minister of Britain.
  • Mr Johnson won a decisive victory over Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt for the party's leadership. Mr Johnson will inherit a wafer-thin parliamentary majority and like his predecessor Theresa May, he will continue to rely on the support of the Democratic Unionists of Northern Ireland to govern.

CBDT celebrates Aaykar Diwas

  • The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) is celebrating the 159th Income Tax Day on 24th July.
  • It was on 24th July 1860 that Income Tax was introduced for the first time in India by Sir James Wilson to compensate for the losses incurred by the British regime during the first war of independence against British Rule.

Dejan Papic appointed India's table tennis coach

  • The Table Tennis Federation of India (TTFI) has appointed the Canadian Dejan Papicas the head coach of the Indian table tennis team. He has signed a one-year contract and will be the in charge through the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.

Ehsan Mani appointed chairperson of ICC committee

  • Pakistan Cricket Board's chairman Ehsan Mani has been appointed as the head of the ICC's influential Finance & Commercial Affairs committee.
  • The F&CA is one of the ICC's most important committees, assisting the organisation in discharging its responsibilities in relation to all financial and commercial matters.
  • The other members of this committee are Indra Nooyi (independent director), Amitabh Choudhury (BCCI acting secretary), Chris Nenzani (CSA president), Imran Khawaja (ICC vice-chairman), Earl Eddings (CA chairman) and Colin Graves (ECB chairman).

Govt sets target for installation of Solar projects of 40,000 MW by 2022

  • The government has set a target for the installation of Rooftop Solar projects of forty thousand MegaWatt by 2022 in the country.
  • New and Renewable Energy Minister RK Singh said, the projects include installation of solar panels on the rooftop of houses. He said, over 1700 Mega Watt of grid-connected rooftop systems has been installed in the country till 18th July.

JATAN: Virtual Museum software for Digitization of Archaeological Museum

  • JATAN: Virtual Museum software has been developed by Human Centres Design and Computing Group, C-DAC, Pune, Maharashtra for the Digitization of Archaeological Museum.
  • JATAN is used for creating digital collections in various museums and digital archival tools that are used in background for managing National Portal and Digital Repository for Indian Museums.

Li Peng: former Chinese premier known as 'Butcher of Beijing' dies aged 90

  • Former Chinese premier and chairman of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee, Li Peng passed away.
  • He was also known as the “Butcher of Beijing” for his role in the Tiananmen Square crackdown.

Lok Sabha passes Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill

  • The Lok Sabha has passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment), Bill, 2019 by voice vote. The bill seeks to amend the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 to provide for road safety.
  • Provisions related to increasing penalties of traffic violations, addressing issues on third-party insurance, regulation of cab aggregators and road safety are proposed in the amendment.
  • The Bill proposes a scheme to allow cashless treatment of victims in a road accident during the golden hour. The golden hour is defined as the time period of up to one hour following a traumatic injury, during which the likelihood of preventing death through prompt medical care is the highest.
  • The Bill proposes to increase the minimum compensation for hit and run cases. In case of the death the compensation has been raised from 25 thousand to two lakh rupees, and in case of grievous injury, it will be from 12 thousand 500 to 50 thousand rupees.

Mark Esper confirmed as US defence secretary

  • The U.S. Senate confirmed former soldier Mark Esper as Secretary of Defence, filling America’s longest-ever Pentagon leadership vacuum as Washington faces mounting tensions with Iran.

New India-UK scheme to fund students from UK to visit India

  • A new India-UK bilateral pilot scheme has been launched to support Britain's universities to collaborate with Indian partners to send UK students to India during their studies.
  • The “UKEIRI Mobility Programme: Study in India”, an initiative of Universities UK International (UUKI) and British Council India, opened. It aims to generate up to 200 opportunities for undergraduate students at UK universities to visit India by March 2021.

Non Aligned movement ministerial meeting was held in Caracas, Venezuela.

  • Ministerial meeting of Coordinating Bureau of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was held in Caracas, capital of Venezuela. Theme for 2019 Meet was- Promotion and Consolidation of Peace through Respect for International Law.
  • Since 2016 Venezuela has held the presidency of NAM which will now be passed on to Azerbaijan in October 2019.
  • At NAM Ministerial Meeting 2019, India was represented by Indian envoy to United Nations Syed Akbaruddin.
  • NAM is the 2nd largest international organization after United Nations (UN) with 120 member states.

Piyush Goyal to launch Global Innovation Index

  • Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal will launch the Global Innovation Index (GII) in New Delhi. This is for the first time that the GII is being launched in an emerging economy.
  • Innovation has become central to the government's economic policy during the last few years which is now paying off with country's rising performance in the GII. India has jumped 24 places in the Global Innovation Index in four years, from 81st position in 2015, it achieved the 57th position in 2018.
  • The theme this year is Creating Healthy Lives - The Future of Medical Innovation, which aims to explore the role of medical innovation as it shapes the future of healthcare.

RBI names Kanungo to run monetary policy portfolio

  • With the exit of Viral Acharya, the Reserve Bank rejiged portfolios of the other three deputy governors giving the important monetary policy and forecasting department to B P Kanungo.
  • Now, all the other three deputy governors -- N S Vishwanathan, B P Kanungo and M K Jain -- have been made responsible for 12 departments each.
  • In addition to his earlier portfolios, Kanungo will also look after economic and policy research and statistics and information management. Kanungo would become the sixth member of the RBI's Monetary Policy Committee, which will next convene on 5-7 August.

Virat Kohli holds on to No 1 spot in ICC Test Rankings

  • India skipper Virat Kohli has retained his number one position in the latest ICC Test batsmen's rankings.
  • Kohli, who last featured in India's 2-1 Test series win over Australia, is sitting on 922 points. New Zealand's Kane Williamson (913) is second and Cheteshwar Pujara (881) third in the rankings released yesterday.
  • In the team rankings, India remain in the first place followed by New Zealand (2) and South Africa (3) with England (4) and Australia (5) rounding up the top five.
  • In the bowlers' list, two Indians feature in the top 10 with Ravindra Jadeja and Ravichandran Ashwin holding the sixth and 10th spot respectively.
  • In the all-rounders' list, Jadeja is the best-ranked Indian at the third spot.