Daily Current Affairs - 11th Aug 2019

'One Nation, One Ration Card': Inter-state portability across India by June 2020

  • “One Nation One Ration Card” scheme to be rolled out in India from June 1, 2020. To implement the scheme successfully, the centre has kick started interstate portability of ration card pairing two states each.
  • The pairs are made between Telangana-Andhra Pradesh as well as Maharashtra-Gujarat. This means that beneficiaries living in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh can buy their quota of ration from the Public Distribution System (PDS), also called ration shops, in either of the states.

Chandrima Shaha first woman set to head science academy INSA

  • Chandrima Shaha is set to be the 1st woman president of the Indian National Science Academy. Her tenure will begin from January 2020. Chandrima Shaha was formerly the Director of the National Institute of Immunology, Delhi.

Flipkart partners with NSDC to train 20,000 delivery executives

  • Walmart-owned Flipkart has partnered with National Skill Development Corporation’s (NSDC) Logistics Sector Skill Council (LSC) to train 20,000 of its delivery executives (wishmasters) across the country.
  • This partnership is intended to certify the supply chain workforce in all aspects of product delivery and customer experience. The e-commerce firm also envisions to have a robust training program along with LSC for its additional 30,000 strong supply chain workforce.

Godrej Consumer's Vivek Gambhir highest paid FMCG executive in FY19

  • Godrej Consumer Products MD and CEO Vivek Gambhir was the highest paid FMCG executive in the previous fiscal with a total remuneration of Rs 20.09 crore, followed by HUL's Sanjiv Mehta at Rs 18.88 crore, according to information available in annual reports of the companies.
  • The country's top FMCG players are Hindustan Unilever Ltd (HUL), Nestle India, Godrej Consumer Products Ltd (GCPL), Dabur, Marico and Emami.

Govt approves extension of CCL benefits to single male service personnel

  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has approved the extension of Child Care Leave (CCL) benefits to single male service personnel and certain relaxations of it in case of women officers in defence forces.
  • Presently, CCL is being granted to woman officers in defence forces. Recently, DoPT has made certain amendments for grant of CCL to civilian employees, whereby the CCL granted to woman employees till now has been extended to single male government servants also. The age limit of 22 years prescribed earlier in the case of a child with 40 per cent disability has been removed for the purpose of availing CCL.
  • Further, the minimum period of CCL that can be availed at a time, has been reduced to five days instead of 15 days. With this, single male service personnel will be able to avail the benefit of CCL.

Govt. signs Memorandum of Settlement with National Liberation Front of Twipra

  • A peace agreement was signed between Government of India, State government of Tripura and Tripura’s banned insurgency group National Liberation Front of Twipra led by Sabir Kumar Debbarma (NLFT-SD). As per the agreement NLFT-SD has agreed to abjure path of violence and join mainstream.
  • A Memorandum of Settlement was also signed in this regard between, Centre, State Government of Tripura and NLFT-SD with group also being agreed to surrender its 88 cadres with their weapons.
  • National Liberation Front of Twipra (NLFT) has been banned under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) since 1997. The group has been involved in violence, operating from their camps across international border.

India's corporate profits one of the lowest among major economies

  • India’s corporate profit to gross domestic product (GDP) ratio is one of the lowest among major emerging and developed economies.
  • The combined net profit of BSE500 companies at $63 billion is equivalent to 2.31 per cent of the country’s GDP against 6.1 cent in the US, 4.24 per cent in Brazil, 3.63 per cent in China, 2.35 per cent in Indonesia, 3.54 per cent in Vietnam, 5.29 per cent in South Korea, and 15.9 per cent in South Africa. Only Mexico has a lower ratio than India at 1.71 per cent, according to data from Bloomberg and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

President gives assent to Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act

  • President has approved the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019. The bill amends the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. The act aims to make Indian roads safer, reduce corruption and use technology to overhaul the country’s transportation system.
  • The Bill proposes a scheme to allow cashless treatment of victims in a road accident during the golden hour. The golden hour is defined as the time period of up to one hour following a traumatic injury, during which the likelihood of preventing death through prompt medical care is the highest. The new law also allows the centre to ask manufacturers to recall vehicles in case of defects that cause harm to the environment.

ROTAVAC Vaccine to be expand to entire country

  • Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has decided to expand Rotavirus vaccine to the entire country from September 2019. It will provide Rotavirus vaccine to every child across all 36 states/UTs by September 2019. This decision was taken as per an ambitious plan of Health Ministry under the 100-days agenda of the newly elected government.
  • Rotavac is India’s first indigenously developed vaccine for rotavirus infections. It has been developed by the Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech Limited.

Russia endorses India's stand on J&K

  • Russia has said, change in the status of the State of Jammu and Kashmir and its division into two union territories has been carried out within the framework of the Indian Constitution.
  • Russia's Foreign Affairs Ministry expressed hope that India and Pakistan will not allow a new aggravation of the situation in the region.

UP plants more than 22 crore saplings; creates world record

  • Uttar Pradesh’s “Vriksharopan Mahakumbh” drive has created world record after planting more than 22 crore saplings. The drive was launched on the occasion of 77th anniversary of Quit India Movement. More than 22 crore saplings were planted at 12.2 lakh locations under the drive-in state. Another record of “largest distribution of saplings in the world” was created when 76823 saplings were distributed free in just 6 hours in Prayagraj.

US overtakes Germany to become UK's biggest source of imports

  • The United States overtook Germany as the biggest supplier of imports into Britain for the first time since the early 2000s in the last financial year.
  • Imports from the United States increased by 14 per cent to 78.27 billion pounds ($94.43 billion) in the year to April, the Department for Trade said, while imports from Germany fell by 0.1 per cent to 78.26 billion pounds.
  • While Germany has long been Britain’s biggest source of imports, the United States was already Britain’s largest export market, with exports reaching a record high of 121.6 billion pounds in the last financial year.

Vice President Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated Mukhya Mantri Krishi Ashirwad Yojana in Jharkhand

  • Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu launched the Jharkhand government’s ‘Mukhya Mantri Krishi Ashirwad Yojana’. Under this scheme, money would be directly transferred into the bank accounts of farmers in the state. Features of the scheme are:
  • Rs 5,000 will be given to those farmers having 1 acre or less agricultural land.
  • Rs 10,000 will be given to those farmers having 2 acres of agricultural land.
  • Rs 15,000 will be given to those farmers having 3 acres of agricultural land.
  • Rs 20,000 will be given to those farmers having 4 acres of agricultural land.
  • Rs 25,000 will be given to those farmers having 5 acres of agricultural land.

Virasat-e-Khalsa set to enter Asia Book of Records

  • Virasat-e-Khalsa museum located in Anandpur Sahib town in Punjab is set to find a place in Asia Book of Records for becoming most visited museum in Asian sub-continent on a single day. Museum witnessed a record footfall of 20,569 visitors on a single day on 20 March 2019.
  • Virasat-e-Khalsa was built to commemorate the rich history and culture of Punjab and Sikhism. It inaugurated in November 2011. In a short span of eight years, more than 10 million visitors have visited museum so far. It celebrates 500 years of Sikh history and 300th anniversary of birth of Khalsa, based on scriptures written by Guru Gobind Singh, 10th and last human Sikh guru.

World Biofuel Day: 10th August

  • World Biofuel day is observed on 10th August every year to create awareness about the importance of non-fossil fuels as an alternative to conventional fossil fuels.
  • The theme of this year's Biofuel Day is Production of Bio-diesel from Used Cooking Oil. The event was aimed at reducing dependency on biofuel and adopting alternative sources of energy and effective management of used cooking oil.
  • Food Safety and Standard Authority of India, in association with the Health Ministry, has started an initiative -- Repurpose of Used Cooking Oil in which the used oil will be collected from hotels and restaurants and sent to the biodiesal plants for blending.

Wrestling: Bajrang Punia wins gold at Tbilisi Grand Prix

  • India's top two wrestlers continued their impressive run this season with Bajrang Punia defending his title at Tbilisi Grand Prix and Vinesh Phogat reaching her fourth final at Medved event. Bajrang, who had won a gold at the same event last year as well, prevailed 2-0 over Iran's Peiman Bibyani in the 65 Kilogram category final of the men's free style competition in the capital city of Georgia.
  • It is fourth gold of the season for the Asian Games champion Bajrang after standing atop the podium at Dan Kolov, Asian Championship and Ali Aliev tournament.