Daily Current Affairs - 20th Oct 2019

Chile declares state emergency in Santiago

  • President of Chile Sebastian Pinera has declared a state of emergency in Santiago (Capital of Chile), following the worst violence the city has seen in years. The state emergency decision was taken after violent protests over an increase in the price of metro tickets held in the state, following which protesters blocked the railway system and clashed with the police.
  • The state of emergency which restricts freedom of movement and assembly has been put in place initially for a period of 15 days.

Col. Chewang Rinchen Setu inaugurated in Ladakh

  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated Col. Chewang Rinchen Setu (Bridge) in Ladakh. It is named in honor of Colonel Chewang Rinchan who was one of the highly decorated officers in Indian Army from Ladakh. He was also a Maha Vir Chakara awardee (1952).
  • The Bridge has been built by Border Roads Organisation (BRO). During the foundation of the bridge, the BRO used the micro pile technology to overcome the technological challenges in this remote area of Ladakh.

EU calls for ceasefire in Afghanistan

  • The officials of European Union (EU) have called for a ceasefire in Afghanistan, stating that the breakdown in talks between United States and Taliban presented an opportunity to push anew for a truce (an agreement to end the fighting).
  • A ceasefire called by EU would be a token, a guarantee of goodwill and good preparation for normalisation of these relationships. EU special envoy for Afghanistan, Roland Kobia, stated that the US-Taliban talks’ collapse is a chance to push for a ceasefire and is the right moment and right opportunity to go one step ahead of a simple reduction in violence and explore ways in which ceasefire will take place.

Former Oracle co-CEO Mark Hurd has passed away

  • Former Co-Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Oracle Mark Hurd, passed away. He was previously served as chairman, CEO, and president of Hewlett-Packard (HP). He was also in the Board of Directors of Globality and a member of the Technology CEO Council and board of directors of New Corporation.

FSSAI guidelines to sweet manufacturers

  • Ahead of Diwali, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India issued guidelines to the sweet manufacturers. The team interacted with sweet manufacturers and tested food samples.
  • The FSSAI is an autonomous body under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It was established under Foods Safety and Standards Act, 2006. It is responsible to protect and promote public health through regulation and supervision of food safety. The headquarters of FSSAI is located in Delhi.

IIT Kharagpur graduate develops unique device “PM 2.5” to curb vehicular air-pollution

  • IIT Kharagpur graduate Debayan Saha has invented a device called “PM 2.5” which he claimed when fitted near the silencer pipe in vehicles will curb air pollution. The technology developed by uses a combination of electric energy and wave energy to influence the pollutants like PM 2.5 such that they act like a magnet attracting other particulate pollutants from the ambient atmosphere to get attached to it. This device can neutralise the pollution emitted from 10 cars in its vicinity.

IMNEX-2019: India Myanmar Naval Exercise

  • The India Myanmar Naval Exercise called IMNEX-2019 is being organised in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. The opening ceremony of the second edition of Indo-Myanmar joint naval exercise was conducted onboard INS Ranvijay.
  • Myanmar naval ships UMS Sin Phyu Shin (F-14) and UMS Tabinshweti (773) arrived at Visakhapatnam and would engage in professional interaction with Indian Navy personnel for sharing of expertise on various maritime issues between both the navies.

India to host Interpol’s General Assembly in 2022

  • India will be hosting the 91st Interpol General Assembly in 2022. The announcement comes after a proposal in this regard received the overwhelming support of member countries at 2019’s congregation held at Santinago in Chile.
  • The 91st Interpol General Assembly, 2022 in India will be held as part of celebrations of 75th anniversary of Indian Independence. Earlier, Interpol (International Criminal Police Organisation) had hosted general assembly, where representatives of all member countries converge, in India in 1997.
  • Interpol is an international police cooperation organization based in Lyon, France.

International day of air traffic controller: October 20

  • The International Day of the Air Traffic Controller, celebrated October 20th each year, marks the anniversary of IFATCA (International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers’ Associations), which was founded on the 20th October 1961.
  • The day also celebrates all the men and women around the world who work to help make air travel the safest possible mode of transport.

Most Eminent Senior Citizen Award

  • The Vice President Shri Venkaiyah Naidu presented the “Most Eminent Senior Citizen Award” to scholar, legal luminary and former Attorney General of India Shri K Parasaran.
  • K Parasaran was born in 1927. He is an Indian lawyer. He was Advocate General of Tamil Nadu in 1976 and Attorney General of India under former PMs Rajiv Gandhi and Indira Gandhi. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2003 and Padma Vibhushan in 2011.

October 20: World Statistics Day

  • World Statistics Day is observed on October 20, once every 5 years. The next World statistics Day celebrates on 20 October 2020. The day acknowledges the fundamental importance of sustainable national statistical capacity. This year World Statistics day theme is “Better Data, Better Lives”.
  • India celebrates Statistics Day on 29th June, on the birthday of the legend statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.

PM Modi releases book titled ‘Bridgital Nation’

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled a book titled ‘Bridgital Nation: Solving Technology’s People Problem’ in New Delhi. The book has been authored by N Chandrasekaran, Chairman, Tata Sons and Roopa Purushothaman.
  • The book ‘Bridgital Nation’ presents a powerful vision of future where technology and human beings co-exist in a mutually beneficial ecosystem. It stresses that instead of accepting technology as replacement of human labour, India can use it as an aid to generate more jobs. The cutting-edge digital tools can act as bridge between aspirations and achievements – hence the term ‘bridgital’.

Sri Lanka removed from FATF’s Grey List

  • Sri Lanka has been removed from ‘Grey List’ of Financial Action Task Force (FATF) following the new measures taken by the country on financial security. The word ‘Grey List’ identified by FATF refers to a jurisdiction with strategic Anti-Money Laundering and Countering the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) deficiencies.
  • Sri Lanka was first included in FATF’s blacklist in 2011, and by 2012, Sri Lanka was listed in the list as a dangerous country with no commitment to financial security plan.
  • Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is a Paris (France) based inter-governmental organisation established in 1989. It is the international terror financing watchdog that combats terrorist financing, money laundering as well as other related threats to integrity of international financial system.

Sultan of Johor Cup 2019: Great Britain beats India

  • Great Britain beats India with 2-1 in final to win men’s Sultan of Johor Cup hockey tournament held at Johor Bahru in Malaysia. Great Britain was this years’ defending country after they were crowned champions in 2018.
  • Great Britain is the most successful team now having won the tournament thrice (2015, 2018 2019), followed India (2013 and 2014) and Australia who have all won the tournament twice.
  • Sultan of Johor Cup is an international men’s under–21 field hockey tournament.

U S Rawat to be also Ambassador to Republic of Nicaragua

  • The Ministry of External Affairs appoints Upender Singh Rawat (IFS: 1998), Ambassador of India designate to the Republic of Panama will be concurrently accredited as the next Ambassador of India to the Republic of Nicaragua. He will replace Yogeshwar Varma.

UP Govt. to organise training & performance programme of KHON Ramlila

  • The Culture Department of Uttar Pradesh government is organising India’s first training and performance programme of world famous KHON Ramlila, a masked form of Ramlila art of Thailand, in collaboration with Thailand government.
  • KHON Ramlila of Thailand is included in UNESCO’s list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

“Mind Master: Winning Lessons from a Champion’s Life” by Viswanathan Anand

  • Indian Chess player, Viswanathan Anand has penned a book titled “Mind Master: Winning Lessons from a Champion’s Life”. The book, published by Hachette India.
  • The book is based on the experience he had in the game of Chess. In the book, he revisits his greatest games and worst losses, his unique experiences of playing against the best minds, and the methods he employs to prepare for wins, cope with disappointments and, simply, stay in the game.