Daily Current Affairs - 28th Oct 2019

California declares state-wide emergency as more than 3000 fire fighters battle raging forest fire

  • California's Governor has declared a state-wide emergency due to the unprecedented high winds that have led to the Kincade Fire in the state. The blaze has destroyed dozens of homes and wineries. The Kincade Fire ignited on Wednesday and spread quickly due to powerful wind gusts up to 145 kilometres per hour.
  • More than 3,000 firefighters backed by air tankers and helicopters were battling to control the blaze, which was not expected to be contained before 7th of November

Chile President sacks whole cabinet after protests

  • Chilean President Sebastian Piñera has dismissed his whole cabinet in order to form a new government and introduce social reforms demanded by protesters. He also announced that a curfew imposed in cities across Chile a week ago had been lifted.
  • Earlier in the week, Pinera declared a state of emergency across much of Chile and put the military in charge of security in the capital Santiago and other cities.
  • Protests began in Chile over an increase in subway fares more than a week ago and escalated into riots. At least 17 people have been killed and more than 7,000 people arrested during the protests.

Cyclone Kyarr moving away from western coast, rainfall in Goa likely to reduce: IMD

  • Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) said that the Cyclone Kyarr is moving away from the western coast and the rainfall activity over Goa is likely to reduce from the late evening of Saturday. Earlier the IMD had issued a yellow alert and predicted heavy rainfall over north and south Goa districts.
  • Yellow warnings are for weather conditions that do not pose an immediate threat to the general population.

French Badminton Open: Satwik, Chirag settle for Silver after losing in final

  • India's top men's doubles pair of Satwiksairaj Rankireddy and Chirag Shetty have lost to world No.1 pair of Marcus Fernaldi Gideonand Kevin Sanjaya Sukamuljo in the finals of the French Open in Paris. The Indian duo settled for silver after losing the final by 18-21, 16-21.
  • Satwik and Chirag, who had won their maiden Super 500 title at the ThailandOpen in August, looked a bit nervy in the 35-minute final.

Gujarati community across the globe celebrates new year- Bestu Varas on October 28

  • Gujarati community across the globe is celebrating New year Bestu Varas on October 28. As per Gujarati calender Vikram Samvat, New year is celebrated on the first day of Kartik month. Bestu Varas also marks the day to forgive others and forget bad memories and start with new enthusiasm.

Indian Ocean Rim to get boost with UAE, Bangladesh at helm

  • The upcoming Indian Ocean Rim Association ministerial meeting in Abu Dhabi will be keenly watched as India continues to promote its official policy of “coordination, cooperation and partnership” in the regional maritime domain.
  • The 19th IORA Council of Ministers (COM) meeting will be held on November 7 in Abu Dhabi with the theme of “Promoting a Shared Destiny and Path to Prosperity in the Indian Ocean”.
  • The meeting is important as two of India’s important partners, the United Arab Emirates and Bangladesh, will take charge as the new chair and vice-chair of one of the largest regional maritime organisations for the duration of 2019-21.

ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdad is dead

  • The leader of ISIS, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi who was responsible for a reign of terror across Iraq and Syria was killed in northwest Syria, after being targeted by U.S. forces. The high-risk operation brings a dramatic end to a years-long hunt for the man who spearheaded the Islamic State’s transformation from an underground insurgent band to a powerful quasi-state that straddled two countries and spawned copycat movements across several continents.
  • At its peak, the Islamic State controlled an area the size of Great Britain, boasting a massive military arsenal and a formidable financial base it used to threaten the West and brutalize those under its control.

Manohar Lal Khattar takes oath as Haryana CM for second term, Dushyant Chautala as Dy CM

  • Manohar Lal Khattar on Sunday was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Haryana where the BJP formed a government, state's first non-Congress government at the helm for the second consecutive term.
  • The BJP party formed the government in alliance with the newly formed Jannayak Janta Party (JJP) led by Dushyant Chautala, who took oath as Khattar's deputy.

Microsoft wins Pentagon’s $10 billion JEDI cloud contract, beating Amazon

  • Amazon Web Services was beaten out by Microsoft Corp.’s Azure cloud platform for a long-disputed $10 billion government contract for cloud computing.
  • Amazon was long considered the favorite to land the 10-year deal, due in part to its $600 million cloud contract with the CIA and its expertise in streamlined data transfer, automated compliance systems and data-sharing platforms. More than 5,000 government agencies use AWS.

Mozambique: President Filipe Nyusi re-elected in landslide victory

  • Mozambique's President Filipe Nyusi has been re-elected after a landslide victory. The elections took place earlier this month and Sunday's announcement revealed Nyusi won with 73% of the vote.
  • Nyusi’s Frelimo party won 184 seats, with Renamo securing 60 seats and the MDM party getting the remaining six in the National Assembly.

Rugby World Cup: England dethrones New Zealand

  • England ended New Zealand's eight-year reign as champion with a superb 19-7 World Cup semifinal win in the Rugby World Cup in Japan. This was just England's eighth win in 42 Tests against New Zealand and meant the All Blacks had lost their first World Cup match since a shock 2007 quarterfinal defeat by France.
  • England will now face the winner between South Africa and Wales.