Daily Current Affairs - 05th Apr 2020

April 5: International Day of Conscience

  • The United Nations declares April 5 as International Day of Conscience. This day serves to remind people to self-reflect, follow their conscience, and do the right things. April 5, 2020, will mark the first International Day of Conscience, which is a United Nations day.
  • The United Nations General Assembly adopted a draft resolution submitted by the Kingdom of Bahrain, entitled “Promoting the Culture of Peace with Love and Conscience,” declaring April 5 the International Day of Conscience.

April 5: National Maritime Day

  • National Maritime Day in India is observed on 5 April every year. National Maritime Day (NMD) first observed on April 5, 1964, aims to spread awareness in supporting safe and environmentally sound commerce between the continents across the world.
  • The National Maritime Day is celebrated every year to illustrate the awareness in supporting intercontinental commerce and the global economy as the most well-organized, safe and sound, environmentally responsive approach of transporting goods from one corner to another corner of the world.

China to host Asian Youth Games in 2021

  • The Olympic Council of Asia announced that the third Asian Youth Games is to be held in China in November 2021. Around 18 Olympic games such as rock climbing, athletics, gymnastics, aquatics, boat racing are to be included.
  • The Asian Youth Games is held once in four years. It is organized by the Olympic Council of Asia. It is the second largest sports gamed after the Asian Games. The first Asian Youth Games was held in 2011 in Singapore, later in 2013 in China. More than 2,500 athletes take part in Asian Youth games every time.

FIFA postpones U-17 Women's World Cup in India due to Covid-19 pandemic

  • The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) or the International Federation of Association Football has postponed the Under-17 Women’s world cup to November 2020.
  • The Under-20 women’s FIFA world cup was planned to be conducted in Panama Costa Rica. The Under-17 Women’s FIFA world cup was scheduled to be conducted in Indian cities such as Guwahati, Navi Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Bhubaneswar and Kolkata.

ICMR approves TB machines for Covid-19 testing

  • The Indian Council of Medical Research approved the use of Tuberculosis machine for conducting COVID-19 tests.
  • Currently India is using the RT-PCR (Real time-Polymerase Chain Reaction) testing recommended by the US and approved by FDA. Along with this, the ICMR has recommended the use of Truenat test. The Truenat test is currently used to detect drug-resistant TB.
  • Today there are total of 800 Truenat machines in India. Of these 457 are in Andhra Pradesh. Around 150 to 200 of these 800 machines are two way machines that are capable of processing 16 to 24 samples in an hour.

IIM-B and ICICI Securities launch incubation program for fintech startups

  • ICICI Securities (I-Sec) has partnered with IIM Bangalore‘s startup hub N S Raghavan Centre of Entrepreneurial Learning (NSRCEL) to launch program for fintech startups. As a part of its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiative, ICICI Securities (I-Sec) is supporting startups in the fintech space via a structured program.
  • The duration of the program for fintech startups will be of 15 months. The program will be available for the startups working in the fields of insurance, personal finance, banking, trading, wealth advisory, payments, lending and taxation.

India seeks $6 billion loans from AIIB, ADB to combat COVID-19

  • The central government is in talks with Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and ADB to secure these loans to further the testing and infrastructure facilities in the country.
  • India has already secured $1 billion funding from the World Bank to better its health sector for fighting against the coronavirus pandemic according to previous reports.
  • The Indian Economy is to take a major hit with the 21-day lock down. The Asian Development Bank has predicted that India’s growth rate is to be 4% in the fiscal year 2020-21.

International Mine Awareness Day observed on 4 April

  • International Mine Awareness Day observed globally on 4 April every year. On 8 December 2005, the General Assembly declared that 4 April of each year shall be observed as the International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action. It was first observed on 4 April 2006.

Intranasal vaccine for Covid-19 under development: Bharat Biotech

  • Bharat Biotech along with virologists of University of Wisconsin and Madison have begun development and testing of a new vaccine called CoroFlu for COVID-19.
  • The vaccine is to be developed with the M2SR vaccine as the main component. The M2SR vaccine is used against flu. The M2SR is a self-limiting version of the influenza virus. It induces immune response against flu.
  • Bharat Biotech is an Indian Biotechnology company. It is headquartered at Hyderabad. It was founded by Krishna Ella, an Indian Scientist. It is the first bio-pharma company audited and approved by the Korean Food and Drugs Administration.

NASA unveils plan to setup 'Artemis', the first human base camp on Moon's south pole by 2024

  • The NASA project Artemis aims at placing first woman and next man on the moon. The project aims to build a base camp on the moon’s south pole.
  • The Artemis project aims to land humans on the moon by 2024. The project also aims to make a one month or two-month stay on the moon. This project is first of its kind as no country has launched a stay mission to the moon.
  • The project is carried out in collaboration with European Space Agency, Canadian Space Agency, Japan Space Agency and Australian Space Agency.

National Health Authority, Uber join hands to provide dedicated transport service to Covid-19 healthcare workers

  • The National Health Authority has partnered with Uber India to provide dedicated transport services to the health care workers that are involved in treating COVID-19 patients.
  • UBER is to facilitate 150 free cars in the major cities such as Kanpur, New Delhi, Patna, Prayagraj, Ghazidabad, Noida and Lucknow. The facility is being launched under the name “UberMEdic Service”. These vehicles are to equipped with a roof to floor plastic enclosing that will act as a protective barrier between the driver and the rider.

Odisha government, UNICEF launch 'Mo Prativa' to engage young minds amid COVID-19 lockdown

  • The Odisha Government recently launched “Mo Prativa” programme in collaboration with UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Funds).
  • The programme has been launched for the children to participate in online competitions such as writing slogans, drawings, short story writing, paintings, etc. Under this programme, children have to upload their works and they will receive certificate every week. Children of age 5 to 18 years are eligible to participate in the competition.

Operation Sanjeevani: IAF airlifts medical and hospital consumables for the Maldives

  • The Indian Air Force has delivered 6.2 million tonnes of essential medicines to Maldives under Operation Sanjeevani.
  • The Indian Air Force airlifted the medicines in Hercules C-130J. The medicines included lopinavir and ritonavir, influenza vaccines. Apart from medicines, the IAF also delivered nebulisers, catheters, urine bags and feeding tubes. The treatment of Lopinavir and ritonavir for Covid 19 has been suggested by WHO along with other 3 treatments.

Railways' Kapurthala unit makes low-cost ventilator prototype: JEEVAN

  • JEEVAN, is a low-cost energy efficient ventilator made by the Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala. The cost of the machine is fraction of what the original designs cost.
  • The prototype is to be tested by ICMR before mass production. The cost of the machine is around Rs 10,000 without a compressor.
  • The design is microprocessor based and was designed by India’s leading team that produces German-design linke Hoffman coaches. The design uses Indian made components.

Shri Sanjay Dhotre launched Hack the Crisis – India, an Online Hackathon to find working solutions for overcoming COVID 19 pandemic

  • The Minister of electronics and IT & HRD Shri Sanjay Dhotre launched “Hack the Crisis- India”. It is an online hackathon that aims to work on solutions for COVID-19.
  • The initiative is being organized by “FICCI Ladies Organization” and “Hack a Cause-India”. The initiative is supported by Ministry of Electronics and IT. The Hackathon is a part of Global initiative. The main objective of the hackathon is to find non-medical solutions that will help contain COVID-19 virus.
  • The “Hack the Crisis” began in Estonia. A private firm Accelerate Estonia along with other start ups launched the online event.

US scientists link BCG vaccination with fewer coronavirus cases

  • Researchers of biomedical sciences of New York Institute of Technology say that the countries such as Netherlands, Italy and United States are more severely affected than countries with BCG policies. The Bacilus Calmette-Guerin vaccine that had been administered in India to protect the children against Tuberculosis, according to the study might be a game changer.
  • India has the highest burden of TB in the world. The BCG programme was introduced in 1948 in the country. The BCG had already proved its effectiveness against SARS infection.