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Preparations tips - English Language for Bank Exams!
(Chat Transcript)

gourav : HOW TO CAREFULLY UNDERSTAND CLOZE TESTS?
sumita : First read the passage given carefully to get an idea about the topic. Since the sentences are connected with each other, never try to understand them in isolation. Connect them logically and grammatically too. Only then must you look at the words given to fill the blanks. Eliminate options as you apply them to the context, and choose the ones that are appropriate not only to the given sentence but also fit the context of the entire passage. Apart from this and most essentially, you must practice with at least three to four passages daily to master this question type.


ambika : HOW TO MEMORIZE SYNONYMS ANTONYMS
sumita : Use roots, prefixes and suffixes to know and understand what a word means. Learn the synonyms and antonyms of the same word together. Try to look up the usage of each word you learn and memorise that sentence, Use it in context so that it stays in your memory forever.


gourav : EASY TRICKS TO SOLVE PC ?
sumita : In Para completion a paragraph is given whose last sentence has been omitted, and this is the one we need to find. When we are looking for the last sentence of the passage, we have to keep in mind that this can be either of the two things - the conclusion of the given passage, or the logical extension of the second last line. YOu need to keep in mind also what cannot be the answer and eliminate those choices which are restatement of one of the sentences given in the passage, or are inference based on one of sentences from the passage.


ambika : PLEASE REFER SOME GOOD BOOKS ON GRAMMAR
sumita : Wren and Martin Raymond Murphy David Green These books will help you understand basic level grammar easily. Wren and Martin has many series that guide a leaner effectively.


vaishnavi : I'M VERY BAD IN ENGLISH SECTION,PLEASE HELP ME HOW TO IMPROVE MY SCORE IN ENGLISH.I'M NOT A CLASS ROOM STUDENT OF TIME..PLEASE HELP ME TO GET GOOD SCORE IN ENGLISH.
sumita : Nothing can substitute practice and proper preparation. Focus on all the question types. Have a regular reading habit. Devote at least two hours exclusively for English practice. Brush up your grammar basics - this will help you identify errors in grammar-based questions. Try to learn vocab from different sources, and not just the newspaper. Prepare well in advance, and take our online practice tests to have an idea of time-management and other strategies.


madhuri : SHOULD WE ATTEND PFQS IN EXAM?
sumita : This is usually a time-consuming question type and demands a lot of practice. If you have not given yourself ample practice of PFQs, then it is better to skip them and work out those questions which you are confident about and can manage within the stipulated time.


paddu : PADDU:I WANT TO IMPROVE PARAJUMBLED QUESTIONS....
sumita : After reading the sentences thoroughly, identify the topical or opening sentence. See what sentences can follow that continue with the same theme. Always identify the main theme or the topic of the para. If the sentences are too long, be brisk in reading them. Then spot ‘special words’ like connectives, articles, pronouns and adjectives. These are never found in opening sentences, so this helps you assign them to a later slot in the paragraph. Above all, try to practice from the SM exercises for a better hold on these questions.


paddu : PLZ, TELL ME TRICKS ABOUT PARAJUMBLED,,,HOW TO RECOGNIZE
sumita : The first tip is to read through all the sentences quickly and try to get an idea of the topic. Identify words called connectives. Spot the links. Look out for pronouns that point to a preceding noun. General information is always placed before specific information; this helps sequence the order. The idea that opens the para is generally followed by a general description of the same. Go through the practice material for better command.


swetha : HOW TO COMPLETE RC QUICKLY?
sumita : RCs in bank exams are getting tougher each year. If RCs daunt you, then the 'bottoms up' approach will be useful for you. Here, read the questions first so as to get an idea what to look for in the passage. But ultimately you are the better judge of which approach is the best. So, practice several reading comprehensions in two different approaches and find out which method suits you. Divide the time of the exam and do the easier questions first. Usually, vocab questions are easier than detailed ones. Pick the ones that are shorter. Find a gist of the passage by reading the first and last paragraphs more attentively. Bottom line: practice a lot.


vaishnavi : WHAT ARE THINGS TO BE FOLLOWED ON DAILY BASIS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH IN READING COMPREHENSION SECTION AND FINDING ERRORS QUESTIONS?
sumita : The error identification type is purely based on grammar rules. Go through the practice papers and SM. Sentence fillers is also based on grammar. Reading comprehension needs a good reading habit and lots of practice.


mssa6a361 : PLZ, TELL ME THE TRICKS OF RE-ARRANGEMENTS IN EXAM
sumita : Already answered. Please check.


kiran : BEST BOOKS ON SPOTTING ERROR RULES???
sumita : Error identification requires a good grasp on rules - parts of speech, genders, infinitives, subject verb agreement, form of tenses,use of articles and other exceptional usages. Pay attention to the natural progression of the sentence. Focus your attention on each separate possible instance of error in the sentence. A thorough practice with our study material and test papers will give you control on this. I've listed out the names of a few books already. Plesae check.


kiran : CAN READING NEWSPAPERS IMPROVE COMPREHENSION PASSAGE SOLVING QUICKLY...???
sumita : Reading exhaustively and regularly can definitely give you better grasp on RCs. Reading newspapers will give you exposure to only one kind of reading. You need to read a variety of topics from various journals and magazines as well.


paddu : SHOULD I SOLVE RC, COZ FOR ME ITS TIME CONSUMES FOR READING LENGTHY PARA..IS RC IS BETTER THAN COMMON ERROR? ALSO HOW MUCH TIME I HAVE TO GIVE ENGLISH SECTION IN PRELIM EXAMS? COZ ONLY 10 MIN , I GIVEN FOR ENGLISH IN IBPS CLERK PRELIM? IS IT WRONG? AND I SPENT LOT OF TIME IN REASONING...COZ I PASSED PRELIM EXAM IN IBPS WITH ALL SECTION CLEAR BT LOW MARKS IN ENGLISH COMPARED TO QUANT & REASONING?
sumita : RCs are time-consuming, but you must relaise that you need to clear the sectional cut-off to qualify. Therefore, your time-management needs to be reorganised up a bit. Please devote around 20 to 25 minutes for the Quant, 20 minutes for the Reasoning and 15 to 20 minutes for the English sections. Try the VA questions first, preferably the Cloze test. Then attempt Grammar questions. We usually recommend that FIBs be dealt with after Error identification / Phrase replacement questions, before moving on to RCs which are usually more time-consuming. Here, work out the easier ones first; usually vocab questions fall under this category. Para jumbled questions should be left for the end.


john : HOW DO U RATE THE ENGLISH SECTION IN CLERK MAINS?
sumita : So far, this has been the most difficult exam. New question types were introduced. The para odd man out question type is an example of this. I repeat, the difficulty level of the Clerk Mains was very high.


john : WHAT COULD BE THE CUTOFF FOR IPPB PARELIMS?
sumita : It is difficult to predict as it depends on various factors like the number of test-takers, the difficulty level of the exam, and the number of posts. however, we think it can be somewhere between 50 to 55.


arun : HELLO MEDAM
sumita : Hi!


swetha : FROM INTERVIEW POINT OF VIEW, WHAT KIND OF VOCABULARY SHOULD WE USE WHILE COMMUNICATING WITH THE PANEL, SHOULD IT BE SIMPLE OR COMPLEX?
sumita : Simple and short sentences.


sheshu : GOOD AFTERNOON MADAM..WILL YOU PLEASE EXPLAIN WHATS THE DIFFERENCE IN THESE PHRASES..1)THEY HAD GONE,THEY HAS GONE,THEY HAVE GONE,THEY DID GONE AND THEY GONE I GET CONFUSE WITH THESE...THANK YOU
sumita : Sure! 'They had gone'... - This is in past perfect tense. Though with past perfect tense, the past tense is also used to complete the idea. 'They has gone' is ungrammatical, as there is a subject (they, which is plural) and verb (has, which is singular) discord here. The correction is: They have gone ........... 'They did gone' and 'They gone' are both grammatically incorrect.


sheshu : MAY I KNOW ABOUT CHSL CUTTOFF MADAM??
sumita : The exam window is still on. The exam will be conducted across slots for a month. CHSL pattern has been changed for the first time from 200 questions to 100. Since the test-takers are more in number, we expect the cut-off to be around 155-160 out of 200 marks for general category. This is based on guesswork and is not accurate. The cut-off depends on various factors, and hence can't be predicted with any degree of certainty.


paddu : LONG FORM OF PFQ, AS U ANSWERED MAM...IS IT FILL IN BLANKS IN SENTENCES & PASSAGES?
sumita : PFQ means 'Paragraph formation question'. It is also called a 'para jumbled question' where sentences from a paragraph are given in a jumbled form and the test-taker is expected to rearrange them in a logical order. a very common and time-consuming question type in all bank exams.


paddu : HOW MUCH TIME I HAVE TO GIVE FOR ENGLISH SECTION OUT OF 1 HOUR ...IN NEXT EXAMS
sumita : Somewhere between 15 to 20 minutes.


sheshu : ABDUCTION COULD YOU PLEASE TELL ROOT WORD AND SUFFIX FOR THIS WORD..I KNOW AB IE SUFFIX AS AWAY FROM WHAT ABOUT SUFFIX AND ROOT WORDS MAM..THANKS
sumita : 'ab' means – (away, from) and dūcō means to lead or to drive. This gives us 'abduct' which means 'to carry off or lead away a person illegally and in secret or by force, especially to kidnap'. The root here is 'duco'.


john : THIS TIME THE FIB'S IN CLERKS MAINS WERE OF TOUGH LEVEL.. 4 FIB IN ONE QUESTION. HOW TO APPROACH THIS AND PRACTICE FROM?
sumita : Well, form the info that we received from our students, there were three blanks in one sentence, and not four. Irrespective of the number of blank (two or three), the approach remains the same. You should use the method of elimination by simultaneously checking which of the options best satisfies both the entries.


sheshu : IS THEIR ANY SPECIFIC COUNT OF WORDS WE SHOULD REMEMBER FOR GETTING PERFECT IN SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS..THANKS
sumita : There's no limit to knowledge! Therefore, you may learn as many words and their synonyms and antonyms as you wish to or can manage. The only thing you need to keep in mind is that simply knowing words isn't enough; you need to know their meanings and also how to use them in context. This requires focus and practice, as also a regular reading habit.


sandy : TENSES
sumita : Please be explicit.


abila : HELLO MA'M CAN YOU GIVE AN EASY WAY TO SOLVE THE SENTENCE REARRANGEMENT?? TIME MANAGEMENT FOR THIS SECTION IS NOT ENOUGH SO CAN YOU GIVE EASY TIPS?
sumita : Sentence rearrangement questions are generally time-consuming, but you can manage them effectively by a lot of practice. Our Study Material has a number of exercises which will help you in this. In addition to this, you need to develop a voracious reading habit that will help you in understanding the idea flow in a paragraph. You will then be able to sequence the jumbled sentences accurately. Grammatical tools and links also help connect one sentence with the other, and so you must have a grip on your grammar too.


john : HOW DO U RATE THE KARUR CLERK EXAM HELD RECENTLY? LEVEL O9F THE PAPER AND CUTOFF?
sumita : It was the easiest one among all the bank exams so far, as reported to us.


sheshu : PEOPLE SAY TO READ DICTIONARY WORDS IN SERIES BUT IN NEWSPAPER THEIR ARE LOADS OF DIFFERENT WORDS SAY AROUND 50 MINIMUM AND OTHER POINT IS TIME WEBSITE THEIR ARE SOME NEW WORDS..IM CONFUSED HOW MUCH TIME SHOULD I ACTUALLY SPEND AND ON WHAT IMPORTANCE BASIS WHAT FOR THESE SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS MAM ..COULD U PLEASE CLARIFY
sumita : It is a fallacy to read words from the dictionary and memorise them in that order; you will never be able to remember their meanings. even if you do, the usage will defeat you. Therefore, the best method is to look up words when you come across them in context. This will help you not only remember their meanings but also know their usage. You cannot mug up words! Please check my reply on how to learn synonyms and antonyms, given earlier in this chat.


paddu : I AM AWAITING FOR UR ANS MAM, ABT MY LATEST 2 QUESTIONS...
sumita : I've answered. Please check.


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